Training-induced plasticity of multitasking in everyday-like motor behavior

  • Bock, Otmar Leo (Projektleiter*in)
  • Vielcker-Rehage, Claudia (Projektleiter*in)

Projekt-Details

Forschungsziel

Our research goal is to understand realistic multitasking and its training-induced plasticity. We focus on older persons since their multitasking abilities are known to be degraded (Meta-analysis in Verhaeghen et al., 2003), yet can be drastically improved by practice (McDowd, 1986; Voelcker-Rehage & Niemann, 2013; Wollesen & Voelcker-Rehage, 2014). Specifically, we aim to 1. Compare realistic multitasking - i.e., the natural interplay of task switching and dual-tasking - with pure task switching and pure dual-tasking (research objective 1) 2. Explore the principles of training-induced plasticity of multitasking by comparing personalized with fixed (“one size fits all”) training regimes (research objective 2) 3. Investigate the neuronal correlates of realistic multitasking as well as practice effects (research objective 3). To optimize ecological validity, all three objectives will be pursued in the everyday-like experimental paradigms established in phase 1. The first and third objective fall within the SPP project cluster “structure”, and contribute to our understanding of the basic principles of multitasking. The second and third objective falls within the cluster „plasticity“; it not only contributes to basic science but also opens possibilities to develop adequate interventions for older adults in the community and/or in long-term care.

Forschungsmethodik

Physical and cognitive testing under single- and multitasking conditions, including tests in a driving simulator.
Physical and cognitive interventions under single- and multitasking conditions.
KurztitelMultitasking
StatusAbgeschlossen
Tatsächlicher Beginn/ -es Ende01.01.1931.12.22

UN-Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung

2015 einigten sich UN-Mitgliedstaaten auf 17 globale Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung (Sustainable Development Goals, SDGs) zur Beendigung der Armut, zum Schutz des Planeten und zur Förderung des allgemeinen Wohlstands. Die Arbeit dieses Projekts leistet einen Beitrag zu folgendem(n) SDG(s):

  • SDG 3 – Gute Gesundheit und Wohlergehen