Accuracy of unilateral and bilateral gait assessment using a mobile gait analysis system at different walking speeds

Lars Reinhardt, René Schwesig, Stephan Schulze, Lars Donath, Eduard Kurz

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung


BACKGROUND: Previous research on the accuracy of mobile measurement systems has focused on parameters related to the whole gait cycle. Specifically, bilateral gait characteristics were primarily used as outcome measures.

RESEARCH QUESTION: How accurate are unilateral gait characteristics detected using a mobile system at various fixed walking speeds?

METHODS: Gait analysis during treadmill walking at velocities (VEL) of 2.5 (v1), 4.5 (v2) and 6.5 km/h (v3) was performed in a population of 47 healthy young adults, consisting of 27 females (age: 23 ± 2 years, BMI: 21.4 ± 2.2 kg/m²) and 20 males (age: 22 ± 1 years, BMI: 23.3 ± 3.4 kg/m²). Spatiotemporal gait data were simultaneously determined using an instrumented treadmill (gaitway 3D) and a mobile gait analysis system (RehaGait). Besides VEL, bilateral (stride length [SL], cadence [CAD]) and unilateral (contact duration [CON], single [SS] and double support duration [DS]) outcomes were validated.

RESULTS: Across the three VEL investigated, the correlations between both measurement systems were almost perfect in SL and CAD (r > 0.97). In addition, SL significantly differed (p < 0.01) with moderate to large effects, whereby the root mean squared error (RMSE) did not exceed 1.8 cm. RMSE in CAD was not higher than 0.33 spm and statistically significant differences were only present at v1 (d = 0.63). DS was the most erroneous unilateral parameter with values for %RMSE ranging from 9% at v1 to 14% at v3. In CON and SS %RMSE was in a magnitude of 2-4% across all VEL. Furthermore, VEL affected measurement accuracy in unilateral outcomes with moderate to large effects (F (2, 45) > 6.0, p < 0.01, ηp2 > 0.11) with consistently higher differences at lower velocities.

SIGNIFICANCE: Based on the results presented the validity of the mobile gait analysis system investigated to detect gait asymmetries must be questioned.

ZeitschriftGait & posture
Seiten (von - bis)291-297
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 03.2024


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