Comparison of different test protocols to determine maximal lactate steady state intensity in swimming

Sebastian Keller*, Christian Manunzio, Patrick Wahl

*Korrespondierende*r Autor*in für diese Arbeit

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung


Objectives: This study compared step test, lactate minimum (LM) test and reverse lactate threshold (RLT) test protocols with maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) in free-swimming. All test protocols used fixed duration increments and high work-rate resolution (≤ 0.03 m·s−1) to ensure high sensitivity. Design: Validation study. Methods: 23 swimmers or triathletes (12 male and 11 female) of different ages (19.0 ± 5.9 yrs) and performance levels (400 m personal best 1.38 ± 0.13 m·s−1, FINA points 490 ± 118) completed an incremental step test (+0.03 m·s−1 every 3 min) to determine speed at 4 mmol·L−1 and at modified maximal distance method, a LM test, a RLT test and two to five 30 min tests (±0.015 m·s−1) to determine MLSS. Following a 200 m all-out and a 5 min rest, LM was determined during an incremental segment (+0.03 m·s−1 every 2 min) as the nadir of the speed-lactate curve. After a priming segment with four increments (+0.06 m·s−1), RLT was determined as the lactate apex during a reverse segment (−0.03 m·s−1) every 3 min. Results: The mean differences (± limits of agreement) to speed at MLSS were +1.0 ± 4.1% (speed at 4 mmol·L−1), +1.5 ± 3.5% (modified maximum distance method), −0.2 ± 4.7% (LM) and 2.0 ± 3.1% (RLT). All threshold concepts showed good agreement with MLSS pace (intraclass correlation coefficient ≥ 0.886). Conclusions: Test protocols with a fixed step duration and fine increments allowed high accuracy in estimating MLSS pace. With similar criterion agreement to the LM and RLT tests, incremental step tests appear more practicable due to less prior knowledge required and derivation of individual training zones.
ZeitschriftJournal of Science and Medicine in Sports
Seiten (von - bis)696-701
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 08.2022


Untersuchen Sie die Forschungsthemen von „Comparison of different test protocols to determine maximal lactate steady state intensity in swimming“. Zusammen bilden sie einen einzigartigen Fingerprint.