Cross-cultural comparison of the patterns of influence within the Theory of Planned Behavior in predicting physical activity among

Kahar Abula, Andreas Heissel, Michael Rapp, Anou Pietrek, Jürgen Beckmann, Anna Wasserkampf, Peter Gröpel

Publikation: Beitrag in Buch/Bericht/KonferenzbandKonferenzbeitrag - Abstract in KonferenzbandForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

Objective: The present study aimed to validate the Chinese-version Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB; Ajzen, 1991) questionnaire, test the applicability of the TPB model to predict Chinese college students’ leisure-time physical activity and compare the strength of relationships among the TPB variables (attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioural control) on intention across Chinese and Western samples. Methods: 892 Chinese college students (49% female, M = 19.84 years, SD = 1.64) participated in the study. The strength of relationships among the TPB variables across Chinese and Western samples was compared using the test of the difference between the two correlations. The data for the Western sample was inferred from a meta-analysis by Hagger et al. (2002). Results: The hypothesized TPB model adequately represented the data and predicted physical-activity behaviour, χ2(2) = 7.37, p = .03, CFI = .99, TLI = .98, RMSEA = .06, SRMR = .02. The subjective norm-intention relationship was significantly stronger in the Chinese sample (β = .18) than Western sample (β = .05, z = 3.81, p = .001). The perceived behavioural control-intention association was stronger in the Chinese sample (β = .38) than Western samples (β = .33), z = 1.70, p = .04. No difference was found in the strength of the attitude-intention relationship across the samples, β = .39 and β = .40, respectively. Conclusions: The Chinese-version TPB questionnaire has good psychometric properties and the TPB model can be applied to predict physical activity among Chinese student populations. However, there are differences in the relative contributions of the TPB variables on the intention for physical activity across Chinese and Western samples.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
TitelAbstract book : 50 years of FEPSAC. 15th European congress of sport & exercise psychology, Münster, Germany, 15-20 July 2019
Herausgeber*innenBernd Strauss, Barbara Halberschmidt, Till Utesch , Dennis Dreiskämper, Sebastian Brückner, Maike Tietjens, Vera Storm, Linda Schücker, Friederike Rosenfeld, Charlotte Raue, Stijn Mentzel, Meike Kolb, Lena Henning, Lena Busch
Seitenumfang1
ErscheinungsortMünster
Herausgeber (Verlag)Department of Sport and Exercise Psychology, University of Muenster
Erscheinungsdatum2019
Seiten142
Aufsatznummer2.30
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2019
VeranstaltungFEPSAC 2019 - 15th European congress of sport & exercise psychology: Building the future of sport & exercise psychology - Universität Münster, Münster, Deutschland
Dauer: 15.07.201920.07.2019
Konferenznummer: 15
https://www.fepsac2019.eu/

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