Aktivitäten pro Jahr
METHODS: 650 German state-level swimmers (age 11.00 ± 1.27 years; female n=377, APHV: 11.56 ± 0.46; male n=273, APHV: 13.31 ± 0.61) were categorised into three groups of biological maturity (late, normative vs early) based on APHV’s mean (M) ± standard deviation (SD), regarding gender (normative: APHV = M ± SD; early: APHV < M – SD; late: APHV > M + SD). To analyse the difference between the expected standard normal distribution and the observed relative frequency distribution [%] of early, normative, and late-developed athletes for the male and female sample, Chi-square tests were computed (pRESULTS: Female athletes were normative developers if they had an APHV between 11.10 and 12.02 years (male: APHV = 12.70-13.92), early developers if their APHV was less than 11.10 years (male: APHV < 12.70), and late developers with an APHV higher than 12.02 years (male: APHV > 13.92). Most athletes (70.31%) were normative developers, 14.92% were early developers, and 14.77% were late developers. The percentage distributions of the developmental categorisation did not differ significantly from the expected standard normal distribution in both gender (male: p = .753, female: p = .193).
CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that the sample of German youth swimmers only includes a small proportion of early developers on average. At the same time, there are conspicuously few late developers born in Q4. Therefore, it can be assumed that relatively younger swimmers can counteract their disadvantage only with an early or normative biological maturity status, which significantly impacts swimmers talent identification and development.
Deprez, D., Coutts, A. J., Fransen, J., Deconinck, F., Lenoir, M., Vaeyens, R., & Philippaerts, R. (2013). https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0032-1333262
Müller, L., Müller, E., Hildebrandt, C., & Raschner, C. (2016). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160969
|Titel||eProceedings of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS) : 28th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Explore - Enlighten - Perform, 4-7 July 2023, France|
|Herausgeber*innen||Gaël Guilhem, Guiseppe Rabita, Franck Brocherie, Elias Tsolakidis, Alexander Ferrauti, Jørn Wulff Helge, Maria Francesca Piacentini|
|Herausgeber (Verlag)||European College of Sport Science|
|Publikationsstatus||Veröffentlicht - 07.2023|
|Veranstaltung||Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science: Explore, Enlighten, Perform - Palais des Congrès de Paris, Paris, Frankreich|
Dauer: 04.07.2023 → 07.07.2023
- 1 Konferenzorganisation und -teilnahme
Ilka Staub (Vortragende*r)04.07.2023 → 07.07.2023
Aktivität: Teilnahme an oder Organisation einer Veranstaltung › Konferenzorganisation und -teilnahme › Forschung