eNOS translocation but not eNOS phosphorylation is dependent on intracellular Ca2+ in human atrial myocardium

Christian Pott, Dirk Steinritz, Birgit Bölck, Uwe Mehlhorn, Klara Brixius, Robert H G Schwinger, Wilhelm Bloch

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

In endothelial cells, two ways of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) activation are known: 1) translocation and 2) Akt-dependent phosphorylation of the enzyme at Ser(1177) (Ser(1177) eNOS). We have recently shown that agonist-induced Ser(1177) eNOS phosphorylation also occurs in human myocardium (10). In this study, we investigated the Ca(2+) dependency of these two mechanisms in human atrium. Therefore, atrial tissue was obtained from patients who underwent coronary artery bypass operations. In immunohistochemical experiments, the translocated form of eNOS and phosphorylated Ser(1177) eNOS were labeled using specific antibodies. eNOS translocation was measured in the absence and presence of the Ca(2+) chelator BAPTA before and after application of BRL 37344 (BRL), a beta(3)-adrenoceptor agonist that increases eNOS activity (34). In the absence of BAPTA, BRL time dependently increased the staining intensity of translocated eNOS, whereas in the presence of BAPTA, this effect was blunted. In contrast, BRL clearly increased the staining of phosphorylated Ser(1177) eNOS even in the presence of BAPTA. This observation was confirmed using Western blot analysis. Using the NO-sensitive dye diaminofluorescein, we have demonstrated that BRL induced a strong NO release. This effect was completely abolished in the presence of BAPTA but was unaffected by LY-292004, an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity and eNOS phosphorylation. Although Ca(2+) dependent, neither the translocation of eNOS nor NO release was changed by the adenylate cyclase activator forskolin. In conclusion, 1) in human atrial myocardium, BRL-induced eNOS translocation but not Ser(1177) eNOS phosphorylation is dependent on intracellular Ca(2+). 2) In atrial myocardium, eNOS-translocation and not Ser(1177) eNOS phosphorylation is responsible for generating the main amount of NO. 3) Although Ca(2+) dependent, eNOS translocation and NO release could not be mimicked by adenylate cyclase activation as a mediator of beta-adrenergic stimulation.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftAmerican journal of physiology. Cell physiology
Jahrgang290
Ausgabenummer5
Seiten (von - bis)C1437-45
ISSN0363-6143
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.05.2006

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