Profitieren Kinder und Jugendliche mit unterschiedlichen Aufnahmegründen gleichermaßen von einer Heimunterbringung?

Thea Rau, Jeannine Ohlert, Helmut Ramsthaler, Jörg M. Fegert, Ferdinand Keller

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung


Currently, almost 150.000 children and adolescents are placed in institutional care in Germany with the aim to improve their living conditions. Various studies showed positive effects concerning the development of those institutionalized children and adolescents. Within the present study, 500 children and adolescents in institutional care were examined regarding the improvement of quality of life and social competencies during their care placement depending on the respective reason for admission (group A: admission due to mental health and behavior problems; group S: problems in the context of the school; group O: no mental health problems, but other reasons). Furthermore, differences in the development of children and adolescents who initiated the placement by themselves and those who did not were examined. Results show that over a period of 18-24 months, all three groups developed effectively equally. Group A had a lower initial level regarding quality of life and social competencies compared to group S and group O and therefore reached lower outcomes within the investigation period. Development was irrespective of whether or not children and adolescents initiated the institutional placement by themselves. The results demonstrate that all three groups were able to benefit from institutional care, although children and adolescents with mental health problems had a notable potential for further development.
Seiten (von - bis)218-235
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 05.2020

Fachgebiete und Schlagwörter

  • Effects
  • Group differences
  • Quality of Life
  • Social competencies
  • Youth welfare institutions