Self-control and body language

Publikation: Beitrag in Buch/Bericht/KonferenzbandKonferenzbeitrag - Abstract in KonferenzbandForschungBegutachtung


High level athletes and officials deliberately try to present themselves in a desirable manner. An important aspect of this impressions management (Schlenker, 1980) is the deliberate use of body language and facial expressions (nonverbal behaviour; NVB). However, the display of NVB is believed to vary along a continuum of controllability (DePaulo, 1992) with some forms of NVB being displayed automatically, while other forms of NVB can be deliberately used to convey a desired impression. The first part of the presentation will review research showing that athletes’ and officials’ NVB often automatically “leak” information about internal states that they might rather want to hide (Furley & Schweizer, 2019). Contextual influences like a person’s self-control capacity is assumed to influence the degree to which people can control NVB. In this respect, a series of experiments showed that observers could reliably infer how intact a person’s self-control capacity was based on short recordings of people’s nonverbal behaviour (Furley, Kohlhaas, Englert, Nieuwenhuys, & Bertrams, 2019). This finding provides indirect support for the assumpti on that people need self-control capacity to present themselves in a desirable manner (if this does not come to them “naturally”; i.e. is automatic). Hence, athletes and referees might be able to use their body language to present themselves favorably when relaxed and rested, but might have more trouble controlling their body language after long durations of intense competition or after prior self-control exertion. I will discuss how (and when) NVB can likely be controlled to support sport performance.
TitelAbstract book : 50 years of FEPSAC. 15th European congress of sport & exercise psychology, Münster, Germany, 15-20 July 2019
Herausgeber*innenBernd Strauss, Barbara Halberschmidt, Till Utesch, Dennis Dreiskämper, Sebastian Brückner, Maike Tietjens, Vera Storm, Linda Schücker, Friedrike Rosenfeld, Charlotte Raue, Stijn Mentzel, Meike Kolb, Lena Henning, Lena Busch
Herausgeber (Verlag)Department of Sport and Exercise Psychology, University of Muenster
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2019
VeranstaltungFEPSAC 2019 - 15th European congress of sport & exercise psychology: Building the future of sport & exercise psychology - Universität Münster, Münster, Deutschland
Dauer: 15.07.201920.07.2019
Konferenznummer: 15


Untersuchen Sie die Forschungsthemen von „Self-control and body language“. Zusammen bilden sie einen einzigartigen Fingerprint.