Sensitive asprosin detection in clinical samples reveals serum/saliva correlation and indicates cartilage as source for serum asprosin

Yousef A T Morcos, Steffen Lütke, Antje Tenbieg, Franz-Georg Hanisch, Galyna Pryymachuk, Nadin Piekarek, Thorben Hoffmann, Titus Keller, Ruth Janoschek, Anja Niehoff, Frank Zaucke, Jörg Dötsch, Eva Hucklenbruch-Rother, Gerhard Sengle

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung


The C-terminal pro-fibrillin-1 propeptide asprosin is described as white adipose tissue derived hormone that stimulates rapid hepatic glucose release and activates hunger-promoting hypothalamic neurons. Numerous studies proposed correlations of asprosin levels with clinical parameters. However, the enormous variability of reported serum and plasma asprosin levels illustrates the need for sensitive and reliable detection methods in clinical samples. Here we report on newly developed biochemical methods for asprosin concentration and detection in several body fluids including serum, plasma, saliva, breast milk, and urine. Since we found that glycosylation impacts human asprosin detection we analyzed its glycosylation profile. Employing a new sandwich ELISA revealed that serum and saliva asprosin correlate strongly, depend on biological sex, and feeding status. To investigate the contribution of connective tissue-derived asprosin to serum levels we screened two cohorts with described cartilage turnover. Serum asprosin correlated with COMP, a marker for cartilage degradation upon running exercise and after total hip replacement surgery. This together with our finding that asprosin is produced by primary human chondrocytes and expressed in human cartilage suggests a contribution of cartilage to serum asprosin. Furthermore, we determined asprosin levels in breast milk, and urine, for the first time, and propose saliva asprosin as an accessible clinical marker for future studies.
ZeitschriftScientific Reports
Seiten (von - bis)1-19
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 25.01.2022


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