The Power of nonverbal behavior: Penalty-Takers’ body language influences impression formation and anticipation performance in goalkeepers in a simulated soccer penalty task

Gijsbert Bijlstra, Philip Furley, Arne Nieuwenhuys

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

Abstract

Previous research showed that penalty-takers' body language affects the impressions goalkeepers form about them. Furthermore, it is often assumed that body language influences goalkeepers' performance. However, as yet, there is no empirical evidence that indicates whether this latter effect exists. The present research was aimed at (1) replicating and offering more insight in the initial impression formation effects (Experiment 1-3) and (2) providing evidence that signals of dominance and submissiveness affect participants' anticipation performance within a simulated soccer penalty task (Experiment 3). We report three experiments demonstrating that participants form more positive impressions and have less confidence in saving penalty kicks from dominant penalty-takers (or scoring against dominant goalkeepers, Experiment 1) than submissive penalty-takers (goalkeepers). However, we did not find evidence that participants' automatic associations with dominant and submissive players underlie these findings (Experiment 2). Finally, we demonstrate that anticipation of kick direction is influenced by penalty-takers' body language (Experiment 3). Participants performed worse in the simulated soccer penalty task against dominant than submissive penalty-takers. No mediation of impression formation was found.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer101612
ZeitschriftPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Jahrgang46
Seitenumfang8
ISSN1469-0292
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.01.2020

Fachgebiete und Schlagwörter

  • Anticipation performance
  • Football
  • Impression formation
  • Nonverbal behavior
  • Penalty kicks

Fingerprint

Untersuchen Sie die Forschungsthemen von „The Power of nonverbal behavior: Penalty-Takers’ body language influences impression formation and anticipation performance in goalkeepers in a simulated soccer penalty task“. Zusammen bilden sie einen einzigartigen Fingerprint.

Zitation