Comparative analysis of psychophysiological state among in physical active and sedentary persons

Lesia Korobeinikova*, Markus Raab, Georgiy Korobeynikov, Oleksandr Pryimakov, Andriy Chernozub, Ivanna Korobeinikova, Olga Goncharova

*Corresponding author for this work

Publication: Contribution to journalNewspaper articles

Abstract

Introduction The use of new technologies in human life leads to an improvement in lifestyle. However, many factors of modern life (environmental, social and others) can provoke a decrease in physical and mental performance, which, as a result, worsens health. One of main factor causing deterioration in health is physical inactivity. Physical activity, in turn, can help improve health and mental well-being. The study of the psychophysiological state of persons with different level of physical active may provide new information about the mechanism of physical inactivity and be of use to improve health. The purpose: We study psychophysiological state in physically active and sedentary persons. We predict that physically active participants buffer environmental stressors better and thus have higher values on their psychophysiological states than sedentary persons. Material and methods 19 physically active men (22-35 years) who practiced sports no more than three times a week were examined. Men with low physical activity and a sedentary lifestyle (20 persons, 26-36 years) were also examined. All of persons are non-clinical subjects. The mental state was studied using an adaptive version of the Luscher color test. Neurodynamic tests included a test of a person's ability to make decisions and anticipate them. Among the cognitive tests, the “Number Comparison” test for perception speed was used. All tests used in the study were part of the Multipsychometer-05 hardware and software complex. Results It was revealed that the lack of physical activity leads to increased tension of the autonomic regulation system and limitation of the body's functional reserves. The relationship of physical inactivity with increased anxiety and tension of the autonomic nervous system was revealed. Thus, the increase in effectiveness and speed of perception in physically active persons indicates the stimulating effect of the motor activity factor. In addition, it was revealed that physically active people have better accuracy and quality of non-verbal perception and information processing. Conclusions Physical activity affects the mental state, cognitive functions and anxiety levels. This is promoted by an increase in the performance of perception and the speed of processing non-verbal information. One of the main useful results of this study is the possibility of the influence of physical activity on improving the mental and cognitive properties of an individual.
Original languageEnglish
Article number46
JournalJournal of Physical Education and Sport (JPES)
Volume24
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)382-389
Number of pages7
ISSN2247-806X
Publication statusPublished - 29.02.2024

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