Do dried blood spots have the potential to support result management processes in routine sports drug testing?-Part 3: LC-MS/MS-based peptide analysis for dried blood spot sampling time point estimation

Lana Brockbals, Andreas Thomas, Tom D Schneider, Thomas Kraemer, Andrea E Steuer, Mario Thevis

Publication: Contribution to journalJournal articlesResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Along with the recent acknowledgement of the World Anti-Doping Agency to use dried blood spot (DBS) samples for routine doping control purposes, there have been propositions to use DBS as a matrix that allows regular proactive remotely supervised self-sampling, providing potential longitudinal monitoring of an athlete's exposure to doping agents. However, several organizational aspects have to be considered before implementation, such as the verification of the sample collections time point. Based on a previous untargeted proteomics workflow utilizing liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) to identify protein/peptide markers to define the time since deposition of a bloodstain, the aim of the current study was to develop a targeted LC-HRMS/MS analytical method for promising peptidic target analytes. A long-term DBS storage experiment was carried out over a 3-month period (sample collection time points: 0, 2, 4, 7, 14, 21, 28, 42, 56, 70, 84 and 91 days) with DBS samples of 10 volunteers for longitudinal investigation of signal abundance changes of targeted peptide sequences at different storage temperatures (room temperature [RT], 4°C and -20°C). Prior to experimental analysis, LC-HRMS/MS method characteristics were successfully assessed, including intraday precision, carryover and sample extract stability. For estimation of DBS sample collection time points, ratios of two peptides that originate from the same protein prior to tryptic digestion were created. Two targeted peptide area ratios were found to significantly increase after being stored at RT for 28 days, representing potential markers for future use in routine doping controls that contribute to advancing complementary avenues in anti-doping.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDrug testing and analysis
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
ISSN1942-7603
DOIs
Publication statusElectronically/ online published ahead of print - 24.02.2023

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