Dual Process Theories (DPT)

Publication: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticles for encyclopediaResearch


The distinction of two types of information processing, one fast and automatic, the other slow and 82Drugs Dual Process Theories (DPT) deliberative, has a long tradition and reaches back to ancient times. Theories making this dichotomous distinction are summarized under the term ‘dual process theories’ and all share the premise that human behavior is controlled by two qualitatively different modes of processing, automatic, referred to as Type 1 processing, and controlled, referred to as Type 2 processing. These two forms of processing are specified by their reliance on attentional control that can be defined as the goaldirected allocation of cognitive processing resources to internal and external stimuli. Type 1 processing is independent of working memory capacity, as Type 1 processing is both initiated and completed in the presence of relevant triggering conditions. On the other hand, Type 2 processing depends on available working memory capacity for hypothetical thinking and mental simulation. Within Type 1 processes, the response/solution to a problem has become part of its cognitive representation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDictionary of Sport Psychology : Sport, Exercise, and Performing Arts
EditorsDieter Hackfort, Robert J. Schinke, Bernd Strauss
Number of pages2
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherAcademic press
Publication date2019
ISBN (Print)978-0-12813150-3
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-12-813151-0
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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