Impact of 60 days of 6° head down tilt bed rest on muscular oxygen uptake and heart rate kinetics: efficacy of a reactive sledge jump countermeasure

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PURPOSE: The effects of 60 days of head down tilt bed rest (HDBR) with and without the application of a reactive jump countermeasure were investigated, using a method which enables to discriminate between pulmonary ([Formula: see text]O2pulm) and muscular ([Formula: see text]O2musc) oxygen uptake kinetics to control for hemodynamic influences.

METHODS: 22 subjects were randomly allocated to either a group performing a reactive jumps countermeasure (JUMP; n = 11, male, 29 ± 7 years, 23.9 ± 1.3 kg m- 2) or a control group (CTRL; n = 11, male, 29 ± 6 years, 23.3 ± 2.0 kg m- 2). Heart rate (HR) and [Formula: see text]O2pulm were measured in response to repeated changes in work rate between 30 and 80 W before (BDC-9) and two times after HDBR (R+ 2, R+ 13). Kinetic responses of HR, [Formula: see text]O2pulm, and [Formula: see text]O2musc were assessed applying time series analysis. Higher maxima in cross-correlation functions (CCFmax(x)) between work rate and the respective parameter indicate faster kinetics responses. Statistical analysis was performed applying multifactorial analysis of variance.

RESULTS: CCFmax([Formula: see text]O2musc) and CCFmax([Formula: see text]O2pulm) were not significantly different before and after HDBR (P > 0.05). CCFmax(HR) decreased following bed rest (JUMP: BDC-9: 0.30 ± 0.09 vs. R+ 2: 0.28 ± 0.06 vs. R+13: 0.28 ± 0.07; CTRL: 0.35 ± 0.09 vs. 0.27 ± 0.06 vs. 0.33 ± 0.07 P = 0.025). No significant differences between the groups were observed (P > 0.05). Significant alterations were found for CCFmax of mean arterial blood pressure (mBP) after HDBR (JUMP: BDC-9: 0.21 ± 0.07 vs. R+ 2: 0.30 ± 0.13 vs. R+ 13: 0.28 ± 0.08; CTRL: 0.25 ± 0.07 vs. 0.38 ± 0.13 vs. 0.28 ± 0.08; P = 0.008).

CONCLUSIONS: Despite hemodynamic changes, [Formula: see text]O2 kinetics seem to be preserved for a longer period of HDBR, even without the application of a countermeasure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean journal of applied physiology
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)1885-1901
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 26.06.2018

Research areas and keywords

  • Journal Article


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