Localization of the NO-cGMP signaling pathway molecules, NOS III-phosphorylation sites, ERK1/2, and Akt/PKB in osteoclasts

Yüksel Korkmaz, Michael A Baumann, Hannsjörg Schröder, Sönke Behrends, Klaus Addicks, Wolfgang H M Raab, Wilhelm Bloch

Publication: Contribution to journalJournal articlesResearch


BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) mediates different cellular functions by activating soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) that converts guanosine-5'-triphosphate (GTP) to cyclic guanosine-3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP). Membrane-bound GCs produce cGMP in response to natriuretic peptides in osteoblasts, but neither the NO-target enzyme sGC, nor the phosphorylation sites of NOS III, nor their regulation by extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) and Akt/protein kinase B (Akt/PKB) in osteoclasts have been established.

METHODS: Rat molars with periodontium were perfusion- and post-fixed, decalcified, and frozen-sectioned. Free-floating sections were stained using nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) histochemical techniques and immunoreacted with antisera against NO-synthase (NOS) I-III, NOS III phoshorylated at Thr495, NOS III phoshorylated at Serine1177 (Ser1177), ERK1/2, phosphorylated ERK1/2, Akt/PKB, phosphorylated Akt/PKB, sGC (alpha2/beta1), and cGMP.

RESULTS: NADPH-d staining and immunostaining of NOS I-III, NOS III phosphorylated at Ser1177, ERK1/2, Akt/PKB, phosphorylated Akt/PKB, sGC (alpha2 and beta1-subunits), and cGMP were detected in osteoclasts. Immunohistochemical reaction products for NOS III phosphorylated at threonine495 (Thr495) and phosphorylated ERK1/2 could not be identified in osteoclasts. Comparison of TRAP activity and immunostaining for sGC beta1-subunit revealed that sGC beta1-subunit is only expressed in a sub-population of osteoclasts.

CONCLUSIONS: NO is likely to be generated by NOS I and NOS III in osteoclasts. The inconstant expression of NOS II in some osteoclasts may be explained with inducible expression of NOS II upon physiological cell activation. Localization of the sGC alpha2- and beta1-subunits and cGMP in osteoclasts is compatible with an involvement of NO-sGC signaling in the homeostasis of osteoclasts. The phosphorylation site of NOS III at Ser1177 and phosphorylated Akt/PKB are involved in regulation of NO production by NOS III in osteoclasts under basal conditions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of periodontology
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1119-1125
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 01.08.2004

Research areas and keywords

  • Alveolar Process
  • Animals
  • Cyclic GMP
  • Guanylate Cyclase
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Male
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase
  • Osteoclasts
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Second Messenger Systems


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