Motivation und Stress: Die Analyse von Stress mit einem speichelbasierten Biomarker in einer motivationalen Fit-Situation unter Berücksichtigung von Leistungsparametern

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    The regulatory focus theory distinguishes two types of self regulation in seeking desired goal states, namely promotion and prevention. It is hypothesized that a person’s stress response is affected by the interaction between their motivational focus, seeking gains or avoiding losses, and the environment they are in. There is said to be a fit, when the chronic regulatory focus of a person and the task requirement match, for example a person with a promotion focus is in a situation where a promotion task is rewarded; then performance and motivation are greater. This thesis wants to present and evaluate a theoretical framework for the interaction between motivation and time estimation plus the crucial role that stress plays in all of these processes. It is possible that there are differences in neuroendocrine stress markers dependent on whether or not participants are in a fit situation with a reduction of stress due to experiencing regulatory fit. A reduction in stress resulting from a fit between motivation and environment could also lead to an increased focus on “the big picture” and decreased awareness of time in passing. These assumptions could be validated in three experimental studies. Based on the obtained results, participants in a fit-situation showed a decrease of stress activity during the three measuring points, whereas participants in a non-fit-situation demonstrated a contrary effect with an increase of stress activity, though without any effects on performance. In Experiment III, both conditions (Fit vs. Non-Fit) presented an underestimation with a higher real time in comparison to the estimated time.
    Original languageGerman
    Place of PublicationKöln
    PublisherDeutsche Sporthochschule
    Number of pages162
    Publication statusPublished - 2013