Physical activity monitoring‑based interventions in geriatric patients: a scoping review on intervention components and clinical applicability

Rieke Trumpf*, Laura Elani Schulte, Henning Schroeder, Rasmus Tolstrup Larsen, Peter Haussermann, Wiebren Zijlstra, Tim Fleiner

*Corresponding author for this work

Publication: Contribution to journalJournal articlesResearchpeer-review


To identify and analyze the components applied in interventions using physical activity (PA) monitoring in geriatric patients and determine their feasibility and applicability.

A systematic search in six databases (PubMed, Embase, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, Web of Science, and GeroLit) was conducted to identify studies reporting interventions that included the application of a PA monitor in adults
aged ≥ 60 years with a clinical diagnosis. PA monitor interventions were analyzed regarding their feedback, goalsetting and behavior change technique (BCT) components. To determine the feasibility and applicability of interventions, the participants’ adherence to the intervention, their experience as well as adverse events were analyzed.

Seventeen eligible studies, applying 22 interventions, were identified. Studies included a total of 827 older patients with a median age of 70.2 years. In thirteen interventions (59%), the PA monitor was embedded in a structured
behavioral intervention, an indication-specific intervention or usual care. Most frequently applied intervention components were goal setting and self-monitoring (n = 18), real-time PA monitor feedback complemented by feedback
from the study team (n = 12), use of further BCTs (n = 18), and regular counseling with the study team (n = 19). Comprehensive information on the participants’ intervention adherence and experience were reported for 15 (68%)
and 8 (36%) interventions, respectively.

The components included in PA monitoring-based interventions varied considerably especially regarding the extent, frequency, and content of feedback, goal setting and BCTs counseling. Future research should evaluate
which components are most effective and clinically applicable to promote physical activity in geriatric patients. To be able to precisely analyze the effects, trials should seek to report details on intervention components, adherence and
adverse events, while future reviews may use the findings of this scoping review to conduct analyses with less heterogeneity in study characteristics and intervention strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalEuropean Review of Aging and Physical Activity (EURAPA)
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2023


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