Probing for factors influencing exhaled breath drug testing in sports- Pilot studies focusing on the tested individual's tobacco smoking habit and sex

Publication: Contribution to journalJournal articlesResearchpeer-review

Abstract

RATIONALE: Exhaled breath (EB) was found to be a promising matrix in the field of sports drug testing due to the non-invasive and non-intrusive sampling procedure, but significant inter-individual variations regarding detected drug concentrations have been observed in previous studies. To investigate whether the detectability of doping agents in EB is affected by sex or tobacco smoking, two administration studies were conducted with male and female smokers and nonsmokers concerning the elimination of the beta blocker propranolol and the stimulant pseudoephedrine into EB.

METHODS: Following the administration of 40 mg propranolol or 30 mg pseudoephedrine, a total of 19 participants, including female and male nonsmokers as well as female and male smokers, collected EB and dried blood spot (DBS) samples over a period of 24 h. Respective analyte concentrations were determined using liquid chromatography and high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry, and semi-quantitative assays were characterized with regard to selectivity, limit of detection and identification, precision, linearity, and carryover.

RESULTS: Both propranolol and pseudoephedrine were identified in post-administration EB samples from female and male nonsmokers as well as female and male smokers, and the maximum detected drug levels ranged from 9 to 2847 pg/cartridge for propranolol and from 26 to 4805 pg/cartridge for pseudoephedrine. The corresponding DBS levels were in a range of 4-30 ng/mL for propranolol and 55-186 ng/mL for pseudoephedrine.

CONCLUSIONS: Neither the consumption of cigarettes nor the sex appears to represent a decisive criterion as to the detectability of propranolol or pseudoephedrine in EB, but inter-individual variations regarding the detected drug levels were observed among all studied population groups.

Original languageEnglish
JournalRapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM
Volume36
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)e9262
ISSN0951-4198
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30.04.2022

Research areas and keywords

  • Breath Tests/methods
  • Female
  • Habits
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pilot Projects
  • Tobacco
  • Tobacco Products
  • Tobacco Smoking

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