Sportbezogener Protest gegen die Apartheid in Südafrika 1956-1992

Publication: Book/ReportDissertations


The present work belongs to the research field of transnational sport history. By means of a historical comparison, it will be examined what characterized sport- related protests in South Africa, but also international protests, against the apartheid regime in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, and what political positions various social and societal actors took in the face of this form of resistance. In addition to South Africa, Great Britain, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic were chosen as case studies. In particular, the attitudes of the governments of the respective countries, selected sports associations and newspapers as well as the Anti-Apartheid Movement founded in England in 1959 are examined. In addition, the interactions and cooperation of the above-mentioned actors in their fight against apartheid in sport are analyzed - insofar as they were involved in it.
The study focuses on the period from 1956 to 1992. The exclusion of the South African Table Tennis Federation from the International Table Tennis Federation in 1956 as a result of discrimination against members of non-white population groups the apartheid system represents a significant break in the international approach to racial segregation in sport. Following South Africa's exclusion from the Olympic Movement in 1970, which was followed by numerous exclusions from international sports federations, South Africa was almost completely isolated from international sport. The country's return to the global sports community was sealed with its participation in the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona.
There have been only a few scientific publications on the attitude of social and political actors towards protests against apartheid. On the part of research, however, intensive transnational activities of civil society actors, especially the Western European anti-apartheid movement, are noted. Sometimes even the emergence of a "global civil society" is assumed to be the result of transnational protests by this movement.
Central methods of the work are, in addition to historical comparison and qualitative interviews with experts, a detailed document and discourse analysis of debates on apartheid in sport and sport-related protests against this system in the countries studied. The present study asks about central statements, argumentation structures and positions in these debates. The main aim of the study is to provide an independent assessment of the extent and central characteristics of transnational networks of actors resisting apartheid, particularly in sports.
Original languageGerman
Place of PublicationBaden-Baden
PublisherAcademia Verlag
Number of pages464
ISBN (Print)978-3-89665-909-5
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-89665-910-1
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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