The cognitive penetrability of representational momentum effects by unrelated factors

Publication: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution - Published abstract for conference with selection processResearch


Our cognition represents the physical momentum of an object, called representational momentum. When individuals are shown a moving target which is then occluded, they tend to misremember it as further along its trajectory, with a distance between the true and remembered position (this distance being called displacement). It has been demon- strated that this effect is cognitively penetrable, changing when manipulating factors such as weight or velocity of the target. Yet, so far studies have focused solely on manipulat- ing factors also related to momentum in our physical world. The current study tests the hypothesis that representational momentum can be altered by manipulating qualities un- related to physical momentum; for instance, recent success of the target. We hypothesise that a target perceived as ‘successful’ will result in larger displacement, because success is conceptualised as ‘progress’ and ‘forward impulse’. In an online study using a randomized within-subjects design, 120 participants (60 per condition, from online participant pool Prolific) watch a 3-second video of a football player either scoring (successful, 12 trials) or missing a penalty kick (unsuccessful, 12 trials), followed by a 4-second video of this player running. This video is then occluded and participants are asked to indicate the final position of the player by moving a slider to what they remember as the final frame of the video. The outcome measure is the number of frames between true and remem- bered frame. Significance of this research are theoretical implications for visual cognition research on invariant representations, as well as support for a notion from ecological cognitive approaches, that environmental constraints form our cognition.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTagung experimentell arbeitender Psychologen (TeaP), 2022
Publication date2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventTagung experimentell arbeitender Psychologen - Online, Köln, Germany
Duration: 20.03.202223.03.2022
Conference number: 64


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