The effects of non-specific and specific concepts on tactical creativity in team ball sports

Daniel Memmert, Klaus Roth

    Publication: Contribution to journalJournal articlesResearch


    The main aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of various training approaches in team ball sports for the development of tactical creativity. Altogether, 135 children aged about 7 years took part in a 15-month field-based study. They participated either in non-specific treatment groups, a specific handball, soccer or field hockey group, or a control group. General and game-oriented tactical creativity were chosen as outcome measures. Our analysis of treatment-related effects showed that the non-specific groups displayed improvements in general creativity, whereas the specific groups showed improvements in the game-oriented creativity in which they were trained. Furthermore, clear transfer-related effects were observed. The analysis of group-related effects indicated no differences between the approaches. Only the soccer-specific group performed better in nearly all creative values. In conclusion, a non-specific concept appears to be a promising alternative to traditional specific treatments. This is further substantiated by several pedagogical, psychological, and medical arguments.

    Translated title of the contributionDie Auswirkungen nicht-spezifischer und spezifischer Konzepte auf die taktische Kreativität in Mannschaftsballsportarten
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
    Issue number12
    Pages (from-to)1423-1432
    Number of pages10
    Publication statusPublished - 01.10.2007


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