Validity and Test-Retest Reliability of the Vmaxpro Sensor for Evaluation of Movement Velocity in the Deep-Squat

Publication: Contribution to journalJournal articlesResearchpeer-review


Feuerbacher, JF, Jacobs, MW, Dragutinovic, B, Goldmann, J-P, Cheng, S, and Schumann, M. Validity and test-retest reliability of the Vmaxpro sensor for evaluation of movement velocity in the deep squat. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2021—We aimed at assessing the validity and test-retest reliability of the inertial measurement unit-based Vmaxpro sensor compared with a Vicon 3D motion capture system and the T-Force sensor during an incremental 1-repetition maximum (1RM) test and at submaximal loads. Nineteen subjects reported to the laboratory for the 1RM test sessions, whereas 15 subjects carried out another 3 sessions consisting of 3 repetitions with 4 different intensities (30, 50, 70, and 90% of 1RM) to determine the intra- and interday reliability. The Vmaxpro sensor showed high validity (Vicon: R2 = 0.935; T-Force: R2 = 0.968) but an overestimation of the mean velocities (MVs) of 0.06 ± 0.08 m·s−1 and 0.06 ± 0.06 m·s−1 compared with Vicon and T-Force, respectively. Regression analysis indicated a systematic bias that is increasing with higher MVs. The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) for Vmaxpro were moderate to high for intraday (ICC: 0.662–0.938; p ≤ 0.05) and for interday (ICC: 0.568–0.837; p ≤ 0.05) reliability, respectively. The Vmaxpro is a valid and reliable measurement device that can be used to monitor movement velocities within a training session. However, practitioners should be cautious when assessing movement velocities on separate days because of the moderate interday reliability.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research. The Official Research Journal of the NSCA
Number of pages6
Publication statusElectronically/ online published ahead of print - 05.01.2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Validity and Test-Retest Reliability of the Vmaxpro Sensor for Evaluation of Movement Velocity in the Deep-Squat'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.