ACE and angiotensinogen gene genotypes and left ventricular mass in athletes

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BACKGROUND: Genetic factors may be important in modifying heart size due to long-term athletic training. The significance of polymorphisms of genes of the renin-angiotensin system in myocardial mass in a population of athletes participating in different disciplines is not known.

METHODS: The angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism, angiotensinogen gene M235T polymorphism and angiotensin II type 1 receptor gene A1166C polymorphism were determined in 83 male Caucasian endurance athletes and associated with left ventricular mass.

RESULTS: No association with left ventricular mass was found for the polymorphisms of angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene I/D, angiotensinogen gene M235T and angiotensin II type 1 gene A1166C when studied separately. However, combined analysis of the angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene I/D polymorphism and angiotensinogen gene M235T polymorphism genotypes suggested an association with left ventricular mass (g m(-2)) (P = 0.023). Athletes with the angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene DD/angiotensinogen gene TT genotype combination had greater left ventricular mass compared with all other genotype combinations (179.8 +/- 26.1 g m(-2) vs. 145.2 +/- 27.3 g m(-2), P = 0.003).

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest an association of combined angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene I/D polymorphism genotypes, and angiotensinogen gene M235T polymorphism genotypes with left ventricular hypertrophy due to long-term athletic training. A synergistic effect of angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene DD genotype and angiotensinogen gene TT genotype on left ventricular mass in endurance athletes appears to occur.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftEuropean journal of clinical investigation
Jahrgang31
Heft10
Seiten (von - bis)836-842
Seitenumfang7
ISSN0014-2972
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.10.2001

ID: 154533

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