Acute Impact of Dietary Pattern and Walking on Postprandial Attention, Mood, and Satiety in Older Adults: A Randomized Crossover Trial

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Acute Impact of Dietary Pattern and Walking on Postprandial Attention, Mood, and Satiety in Older Adults : A Randomized Crossover Trial. / Diekmann, Christina; Wagner, Michael; Huber, Hanna; Preuß, Manuela; Preuß, Peter; Predel, Hans-Georg; Stoffel-Wagner, Birgit; Fimmers, Rolf; Stehle, Peter; Egert, Sarah.

in: NUTRIENTS, Jahrgang 11, Nr. 10, 2294, 01.10.2019.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftAndere (Vorworte u.ä.)Forschung

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@article{bba7f171184d4dcd99ca21f0a1ce1769,
title = "Acute Impact of Dietary Pattern and Walking on Postprandial Attention, Mood, and Satiety in Older Adults: A Randomized Crossover Trial",
abstract = "Research suggests that attention, mood, and satiety can be influenced by meal composition and postprandial activity. The present study examined whether this hypothesis applies to persons with a risk phenotype for the development of cardiovascular/neurodegenerative diseases. A randomized crossover trial was conducted in subjects with metabolic syndrome traits (n = 26, 8 female, age 70 ± 5, BMI 30.3 ± 2.3 kg/m2). Each subject participated in four interventions: iso-energetic (4300 kJ) meals (Western diet high-fat, WD, and Mediterranean-type diet, MD) followed by either 30 min of moderate walking (4.6 ± 0.1 km/h) or rest. Attention, mood, satiety and plasma cortisol concentrations were measured at fasting and 1.5, 3.0, 4.5 h postprandially. Data were analyzed by linear mixed models. In all interventions, attention increased continuously in the postprandial period (time effect, P <0.001). After WD, attention was lower after walking compared to resting (meal x activity effect, P <0.05). Postprandial mood was generally “good” with no intervention effects. Postprandial satiety increased reaching maximum at 1.5 h after meal (time effect, P <0.001) and was higher after MD compared to WD (meal effect, P <0.001). In all interventions, plasma cortisol decreased similar to its diurnal variation (time effect, P <0.001). In our subjects, meal composition had no relevant impact on attention and mood. After typical WD, resting instead of walking seems to have a more beneficial effect on postprandial attention. MD leads to a strong and long-lasting feeling of satiety, possibly resulting in reduced energy intake in the further course of the day and, thus, long-term effect on weight control.",
keywords = "Affect, Aged, Attention, Body Mass Index, Cross-Over Studies, Diet, Mediterranean/psychology, Diet, Western/psychology, Fasting/blood, Female, Humans, Hydrocortisone/blood, Linear Models, Male, Meals, Postprandial Period, Satiation, Walking/psychology",
author = "Christina Diekmann and Michael Wagner and Hanna Huber and Manuela Preu{\ss} and Peter Preu{\ss} and Hans-Georg Predel and Birgit Stoffel-Wagner and Rolf Fimmers and Peter Stehle and Sarah Egert",
year = "2019",
month = oct,
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/nu11102294",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "NUTRIENTS",
issn = "2072-6643",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acute Impact of Dietary Pattern and Walking on Postprandial Attention, Mood, and Satiety in Older Adults

T2 - A Randomized Crossover Trial

AU - Diekmann, Christina

AU - Wagner, Michael

AU - Huber, Hanna

AU - Preuß, Manuela

AU - Preuß, Peter

AU - Predel, Hans-Georg

AU - Stoffel-Wagner, Birgit

AU - Fimmers, Rolf

AU - Stehle, Peter

AU - Egert, Sarah

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - Research suggests that attention, mood, and satiety can be influenced by meal composition and postprandial activity. The present study examined whether this hypothesis applies to persons with a risk phenotype for the development of cardiovascular/neurodegenerative diseases. A randomized crossover trial was conducted in subjects with metabolic syndrome traits (n = 26, 8 female, age 70 ± 5, BMI 30.3 ± 2.3 kg/m2). Each subject participated in four interventions: iso-energetic (4300 kJ) meals (Western diet high-fat, WD, and Mediterranean-type diet, MD) followed by either 30 min of moderate walking (4.6 ± 0.1 km/h) or rest. Attention, mood, satiety and plasma cortisol concentrations were measured at fasting and 1.5, 3.0, 4.5 h postprandially. Data were analyzed by linear mixed models. In all interventions, attention increased continuously in the postprandial period (time effect, P <0.001). After WD, attention was lower after walking compared to resting (meal x activity effect, P <0.05). Postprandial mood was generally “good” with no intervention effects. Postprandial satiety increased reaching maximum at 1.5 h after meal (time effect, P <0.001) and was higher after MD compared to WD (meal effect, P <0.001). In all interventions, plasma cortisol decreased similar to its diurnal variation (time effect, P <0.001). In our subjects, meal composition had no relevant impact on attention and mood. After typical WD, resting instead of walking seems to have a more beneficial effect on postprandial attention. MD leads to a strong and long-lasting feeling of satiety, possibly resulting in reduced energy intake in the further course of the day and, thus, long-term effect on weight control.

AB - Research suggests that attention, mood, and satiety can be influenced by meal composition and postprandial activity. The present study examined whether this hypothesis applies to persons with a risk phenotype for the development of cardiovascular/neurodegenerative diseases. A randomized crossover trial was conducted in subjects with metabolic syndrome traits (n = 26, 8 female, age 70 ± 5, BMI 30.3 ± 2.3 kg/m2). Each subject participated in four interventions: iso-energetic (4300 kJ) meals (Western diet high-fat, WD, and Mediterranean-type diet, MD) followed by either 30 min of moderate walking (4.6 ± 0.1 km/h) or rest. Attention, mood, satiety and plasma cortisol concentrations were measured at fasting and 1.5, 3.0, 4.5 h postprandially. Data were analyzed by linear mixed models. In all interventions, attention increased continuously in the postprandial period (time effect, P <0.001). After WD, attention was lower after walking compared to resting (meal x activity effect, P <0.05). Postprandial mood was generally “good” with no intervention effects. Postprandial satiety increased reaching maximum at 1.5 h after meal (time effect, P <0.001) and was higher after MD compared to WD (meal effect, P <0.001). In all interventions, plasma cortisol decreased similar to its diurnal variation (time effect, P <0.001). In our subjects, meal composition had no relevant impact on attention and mood. After typical WD, resting instead of walking seems to have a more beneficial effect on postprandial attention. MD leads to a strong and long-lasting feeling of satiety, possibly resulting in reduced energy intake in the further course of the day and, thus, long-term effect on weight control.

KW - Affect

KW - Aged

KW - Attention

KW - Body Mass Index

KW - Cross-Over Studies

KW - Diet, Mediterranean/psychology

KW - Diet, Western/psychology

KW - Fasting/blood

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Hydrocortisone/blood

KW - Linear Models

KW - Male

KW - Meals

KW - Postprandial Period

KW - Satiation

KW - Walking/psychology

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/009aff71-4794-3e26-a33d-741b3bc24e34/

U2 - 10.3390/nu11102294

DO - 10.3390/nu11102294

M3 - Other (editorial matter etc.)

C2 - 31561490

VL - 11

JO - NUTRIENTS

JF - NUTRIENTS

SN - 2072-6643

IS - 10

M1 - 2294

ER -

ID: 5177631