AICAr to SAICAr ratio can serve as additional marker of AICAr use

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AICAr to SAICAr ratio can serve as additional marker of AICAr use. / Sobolevsky, Tim; Piper, Thomas; Ahrens, Brian et al.

in: Drug testing and analysis, Jahrgang 14, Nr. 11-12, 12.2022, S. 2017-2025.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

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Sobolevsky T, Piper T, Ahrens B, Thevis M. AICAr to SAICAr ratio can serve as additional marker of AICAr use. Drug testing and analysis. 2022 Dez;14(11-12):2017-2025. Epub 2022 Nov 7. doi: 10.1002/dta.3399

Bibtex

@article{0ab59e3c9f4745e09ad133248d33ab2f,
title = "AICAr to SAICAr ratio can serve as additional marker of AICAr use",
abstract = "AICAr (5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-β-D-ribofuranoside, commonly referred to as AICAR) is an adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase agonist previously investigated for its therapeutic potential which has been shown to improve exercise performance in laboratory animals. For this reason, the World Anti-Doping Agency prohibits the use of AICAr in sports. AICAr can easily be detected by means of liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry, but being an endogenous metabolite, it cannot be discriminated from AICAr of a non-natural origin. Population-based concentration thresholds have been suggested as a means to identify suspicious samples that would require further analysis by carbon isotope ratio mass spectrometry (CIR); however, it remains at the discretion of the laboratory how to apply them. Here, the urinary ratio of AICAr to SAICA-riboside (SAICAr) that is a closely related purine metabolite was investigated. In an athlete population of 5517 samples, this ratio was relatively narrowly distributed with median values and 99th percentiles of 3.3 and 9.3, and 4.2 and 14 in male and female athletes, respectively. Analysis of urine samples obtained from an AICAr administration study demonstrated that the AICAr/SAICAr ratio can serve in addition to AICAr concentration as a valuable diagnostic trigger for follow-up analysis by CIR. Conceivably, this combination can offer better retrospectivity than AICAr concentration alone by allowing to decrease the AICAr concentration threshold without significantly increasing the number of suspicious samples.",
keywords = "Aminoimidazole Carboxamide, Animals, Chromatography, Liquid, Female, Male, Ribonucleotides/analysis",
author = "Tim Sobolevsky and Thomas Piper and Brian Ahrens and Mario Thevis",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2022",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1002/dta.3399",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "2017--2025",
journal = "Drug testing and analysis",
issn = "1942-7603",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons, Ltd",
number = "11-12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - AICAr to SAICAr ratio can serve as additional marker of AICAr use

AU - Sobolevsky, Tim

AU - Piper, Thomas

AU - Ahrens, Brian

AU - Thevis, Mario

N1 - © 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2022/12

Y1 - 2022/12

N2 - AICAr (5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-β-D-ribofuranoside, commonly referred to as AICAR) is an adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase agonist previously investigated for its therapeutic potential which has been shown to improve exercise performance in laboratory animals. For this reason, the World Anti-Doping Agency prohibits the use of AICAr in sports. AICAr can easily be detected by means of liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry, but being an endogenous metabolite, it cannot be discriminated from AICAr of a non-natural origin. Population-based concentration thresholds have been suggested as a means to identify suspicious samples that would require further analysis by carbon isotope ratio mass spectrometry (CIR); however, it remains at the discretion of the laboratory how to apply them. Here, the urinary ratio of AICAr to SAICA-riboside (SAICAr) that is a closely related purine metabolite was investigated. In an athlete population of 5517 samples, this ratio was relatively narrowly distributed with median values and 99th percentiles of 3.3 and 9.3, and 4.2 and 14 in male and female athletes, respectively. Analysis of urine samples obtained from an AICAr administration study demonstrated that the AICAr/SAICAr ratio can serve in addition to AICAr concentration as a valuable diagnostic trigger for follow-up analysis by CIR. Conceivably, this combination can offer better retrospectivity than AICAr concentration alone by allowing to decrease the AICAr concentration threshold without significantly increasing the number of suspicious samples.

AB - AICAr (5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-β-D-ribofuranoside, commonly referred to as AICAR) is an adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase agonist previously investigated for its therapeutic potential which has been shown to improve exercise performance in laboratory animals. For this reason, the World Anti-Doping Agency prohibits the use of AICAr in sports. AICAr can easily be detected by means of liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry, but being an endogenous metabolite, it cannot be discriminated from AICAr of a non-natural origin. Population-based concentration thresholds have been suggested as a means to identify suspicious samples that would require further analysis by carbon isotope ratio mass spectrometry (CIR); however, it remains at the discretion of the laboratory how to apply them. Here, the urinary ratio of AICAr to SAICA-riboside (SAICAr) that is a closely related purine metabolite was investigated. In an athlete population of 5517 samples, this ratio was relatively narrowly distributed with median values and 99th percentiles of 3.3 and 9.3, and 4.2 and 14 in male and female athletes, respectively. Analysis of urine samples obtained from an AICAr administration study demonstrated that the AICAr/SAICAr ratio can serve in addition to AICAr concentration as a valuable diagnostic trigger for follow-up analysis by CIR. Conceivably, this combination can offer better retrospectivity than AICAr concentration alone by allowing to decrease the AICAr concentration threshold without significantly increasing the number of suspicious samples.

KW - Aminoimidazole Carboxamide

KW - Animals

KW - Chromatography, Liquid

KW - Female

KW - Male

KW - Ribonucleotides/analysis

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/b756cc72-38be-3633-9abf-5353b2dad6e1/

U2 - 10.1002/dta.3399

DO - 10.1002/dta.3399

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 36342242

VL - 14

SP - 2017

EP - 2025

JO - Drug testing and analysis

JF - Drug testing and analysis

SN - 1942-7603

IS - 11-12

ER -

ID: 11444962