Cardiorespiratory kinetics: comparisons between athletes with different training habits

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Cardiorespiratory kinetics: comparisons between athletes with different training habits. / Koschate, Jessica; Gerlich, Laura; Wirtz, Veronika; Thieschäfer, Lutz; Drescher, Uwe; Hoffmann, Uwe.

in: European journal of applied physiology, Jahrgang 119, Nr. 8, 01.08.2019, S. 1875-1883.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

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@article{6080f4cbaafe4c98934321f8a2f0722a,
title = "Cardiorespiratory kinetics: comparisons between athletes with different training habits",
abstract = "Purpose: Fast muscular oxygen uptake (V˙ O 2musc) kinetics are limiting factors for high exercise capacities. It is hypothesized that V˙ O 2musc and heart rate (HR) kinetics would be faster in individuals, performing long-distance endurance training (CONT) compared with athletes performing predominantly interval-based sports (INT). Methods: 17 subjects (INT: n = 7, 24 ± 5 years, 183 ± 7 cm, 85 ± 10 kg, 6 ± 3 h of training per week, CONT: n = 10, 37 ± 7 years, 175 ± 9 cm, 69 ± 10 kg, 6 ± 3 h of training per week) completed a treadmill work rate (WR) protocol with pseudo-randomized WR changes with velocities of 6.5 and 9.5 km h−1. V˙ O2musc and the respective kinetics were estimated from the measured pulmonary oxygen uptake and HR combined with a circulatory model. Kinetics information were calculated using time series analysis. Higher maxima of the cross-correlation function (CCF) of WR and the respective parameter (V˙ O 2musc, HR) indicate faster kinetics responses. Results: The kinetics of HR (INT: 0.23 ± 0.04 vs. CONT: 0.42 ± 0.18; P = 0.001), V˙ O2pulm (0.30 ± 0.05 vs. 0.53 ± 0.20; P = 0.005) and V˙ O2musc (0.31 ± 0.06 vs. 0.53 ± 0.16; P = 0.005) were significantly slower in INT compared with the CONT athletes. Conclusions: It seems that at least in the long-term CONT exercise, training without the need of changing intensities is favorable for fast V˙ O2 and HR kinetics compared with INT exercise including frequently changing intensities.",
keywords = "Cardiorespiratory kinetics, Changing metabolic demands, Circulatory model, Endurance training, PRBS, Adult, Athletes/classification, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Female, Hemodynamics, Humans, Male, Muscle Contraction, Oxygen Consumption, Physical Conditioning, Human/adverse effects",
author = "Jessica Koschate and Laura Gerlich and Veronika Wirtz and Lutz Thiesch{\"a}fer and Uwe Drescher and Uwe Hoffmann",
year = "2019",
month = aug,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s00421-019-04176-9",
language = "English",
volume = "119",
pages = "1875--1883",
journal = "European journal of applied physiology",
issn = "1439-6319",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiorespiratory kinetics: comparisons between athletes with different training habits

AU - Koschate, Jessica

AU - Gerlich, Laura

AU - Wirtz, Veronika

AU - Thieschäfer, Lutz

AU - Drescher, Uwe

AU - Hoffmann, Uwe

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - Purpose: Fast muscular oxygen uptake (V˙ O 2musc) kinetics are limiting factors for high exercise capacities. It is hypothesized that V˙ O 2musc and heart rate (HR) kinetics would be faster in individuals, performing long-distance endurance training (CONT) compared with athletes performing predominantly interval-based sports (INT). Methods: 17 subjects (INT: n = 7, 24 ± 5 years, 183 ± 7 cm, 85 ± 10 kg, 6 ± 3 h of training per week, CONT: n = 10, 37 ± 7 years, 175 ± 9 cm, 69 ± 10 kg, 6 ± 3 h of training per week) completed a treadmill work rate (WR) protocol with pseudo-randomized WR changes with velocities of 6.5 and 9.5 km h−1. V˙ O2musc and the respective kinetics were estimated from the measured pulmonary oxygen uptake and HR combined with a circulatory model. Kinetics information were calculated using time series analysis. Higher maxima of the cross-correlation function (CCF) of WR and the respective parameter (V˙ O 2musc, HR) indicate faster kinetics responses. Results: The kinetics of HR (INT: 0.23 ± 0.04 vs. CONT: 0.42 ± 0.18; P = 0.001), V˙ O2pulm (0.30 ± 0.05 vs. 0.53 ± 0.20; P = 0.005) and V˙ O2musc (0.31 ± 0.06 vs. 0.53 ± 0.16; P = 0.005) were significantly slower in INT compared with the CONT athletes. Conclusions: It seems that at least in the long-term CONT exercise, training without the need of changing intensities is favorable for fast V˙ O2 and HR kinetics compared with INT exercise including frequently changing intensities.

AB - Purpose: Fast muscular oxygen uptake (V˙ O 2musc) kinetics are limiting factors for high exercise capacities. It is hypothesized that V˙ O 2musc and heart rate (HR) kinetics would be faster in individuals, performing long-distance endurance training (CONT) compared with athletes performing predominantly interval-based sports (INT). Methods: 17 subjects (INT: n = 7, 24 ± 5 years, 183 ± 7 cm, 85 ± 10 kg, 6 ± 3 h of training per week, CONT: n = 10, 37 ± 7 years, 175 ± 9 cm, 69 ± 10 kg, 6 ± 3 h of training per week) completed a treadmill work rate (WR) protocol with pseudo-randomized WR changes with velocities of 6.5 and 9.5 km h−1. V˙ O2musc and the respective kinetics were estimated from the measured pulmonary oxygen uptake and HR combined with a circulatory model. Kinetics information were calculated using time series analysis. Higher maxima of the cross-correlation function (CCF) of WR and the respective parameter (V˙ O 2musc, HR) indicate faster kinetics responses. Results: The kinetics of HR (INT: 0.23 ± 0.04 vs. CONT: 0.42 ± 0.18; P = 0.001), V˙ O2pulm (0.30 ± 0.05 vs. 0.53 ± 0.20; P = 0.005) and V˙ O2musc (0.31 ± 0.06 vs. 0.53 ± 0.16; P = 0.005) were significantly slower in INT compared with the CONT athletes. Conclusions: It seems that at least in the long-term CONT exercise, training without the need of changing intensities is favorable for fast V˙ O2 and HR kinetics compared with INT exercise including frequently changing intensities.

KW - Cardiorespiratory kinetics

KW - Changing metabolic demands

KW - Circulatory model

KW - Endurance training

KW - PRBS

KW - Adult

KW - Athletes/classification

KW - Cardiorespiratory Fitness

KW - Female

KW - Hemodynamics

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Muscle Contraction

KW - Oxygen Consumption

KW - Physical Conditioning, Human/adverse effects

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/971bd3fb-a5c7-311c-afaf-bb9c486298dd/

U2 - 10.1007/s00421-019-04176-9

DO - 10.1007/s00421-019-04176-9

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 31227908

VL - 119

SP - 1875

EP - 1883

JO - European journal of applied physiology

JF - European journal of applied physiology

SN - 1439-6319

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 4284657