Causative and protective effects of sport injury trait anxiety on injuries in German University sport

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In the present prospective study, we examine relationships between sport injury anxiety, injury history, and the occurrence of injuries. Using the Sport Injury Trait Anxiety Scale (SITAS), 114 male and 92 female sport students were questioned on their concern for sustaining an injury. Furthermore, injury history was assessed using a retrospective-oriented questionnaire concerning foregoing 1-year and 5-year periods of sport activity. After 4 months, subjects were asked about the occurrence of injuries regarding these past 4 months. In respect to injury incidence, we found causative and protective main effects of sport injury trait anxiety. While high injury-anxious subjects are more likely to sustain a less severe injury (16.3%) than low injury-anxious subjects (7.6%), this relationship is inverse concerning severe injuries. Subjects with high sport injury anxiety are at lower risk of a severe injury (9.7%) than those with low SITAS scores (22%). To find out interactional effects of injury anxiety and injury history, 4 subgroups were built using a cluster analysis. We found groups with high or low injury trait anxiety and high or low injury experiences, respectively. The group with high injury experiences and simultaneously low injury anxiety shows significantly more severe injuries (28%) than the other groups. Furthermore, the group with high injury experiences and simultaneously high injury anxiety sustains less severe injuries significantly more frequently (22%) than the other groups. These results are discussed as a function of an inadequate perception and an unrealistic estimation of their own physical and technical competencies and situational possibilities, especially in the case of high injury history.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftEuropean Journal of Sport Science
Jahrgang2
Heft5
Seiten (von - bis)1-12
Seitenumfang12
ISSN1746-1391
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2002

ID: 147592

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