Characteristics, Therapeutic Needs, and Scope of Patients With a Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Device Entering Cardiac Rehabilitation: a retrospective analysis

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BACKGROUND: With an increasing number of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) being implanted, the need for adequate cardiac rehabilitation (CR) regimens meeting the special needs of these patients arises. Only a few studies have reported experience gained on this topic. Structured CR strategies are poorly implemented. The aim was to evaluate the characteristics, therapeutic needs, and scope of LVAD patients at admission to CR within a greater cohort in order to identify their special CR needs.

METHODS: Retrospective single-center study; 69 LVAD patients (50.7 ± 13.6 y; 59 male; 48 HVAD; 21 HeartMate II) who completed first inpatient CR were included. Patient records were used to document relevant medical information (including the results of a 6-min walk test and a maximal isometric strength test for quadriceps femoral muscles in both legs) and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for classification of health and health-related domains.

RESULTS: Patient characteristics demonstrated a heterogeneous group: CR was started 44 ± 38.6 d after implantation; CR duration was 28 ± 9.7 d. Despite similar etiology, physical and psychological condition was diverse, although, overall a high degree of impairment was present, especially in the body function (79.7%) and activity and participation (95.7%) domains. The results demonstrated the need for a highly individualized approach in the somatic and also in the education, psychosocial, and social therapeutic regimes.

CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate a heterogeneous group with a high level of impairment and special needs in many CR domains. The development and evaluation of a special highly individualized approach of CR, which meets the special needs of these patients, is needed.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftJournal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and prevention
Jahrgang39
Heft2
Seiten (von - bis)91-96
Seitenumfang6
ISSN1932-7501
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 03.2019

ID: 3632434

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