Comparison of instantaneous knee kinematics during walking and running

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BACKGROUND: Accurate measurements of in-vivo knee joint kinematics are essential to elucidate healthy knee motion and the changes that accompany injury and repair. Although numerous experimental measurements have been reported, the accurate non-invasive analysis of in-vivo knee kinematics remains a challenge in biomechanics.

RESEARCH QUESTION: The study objective was to investigate in-vivo knee kinematics before, at, and after contact during walking and running using a combined high-speed dual fluoroscopic imaging system (DFIS) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique.

METHODS: Three-dimensional (3D) knee models of ten participants were created using MR images. Knee kinematics during walking and running were determined using high-speed DFIS. The 3D knee models were then related to fluoroscopic images to obtain in-vivo six-degrees-of-freedom knee kinematics.

RESULTS: Before contact knee flexion, external femoral rotation, and proximal-distal distance were 11.9°, 3.4°, and 1.0 mm greater during running compared to walking, respectively. Similar differences were observed at initial contact (9.9°, 7.9°, and 0.9 mm, respectively) and after contact (6.4°, 2.2°, and 0.8 mm, respectively). Posterior femoral translation at initial contact was also increased during running compared to walking.

SIGNIFICANCE: This study demonstrated accurate instantaneous in-vivo knee kinematic characteristics that may further the understanding of the intrinsic biomechanics of the knee during gait.

ZeitschriftGait & posture
Seiten (von - bis)8-12
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.09.2022

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