Correlation between BMI, leisure habits and motor abilities in childhood (CHILT-project)

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

Standard

Correlation between BMI, leisure habits and motor abilities in childhood (CHILT-project). / Graf, Christine; Koch, Benjamin; Kretschmann-Kandel, E; Falkowski, Gisa; Christ, H; Coburger, S; Lehmacher, W; Bjarnason-Wehrens, Birna; Platen, P; Tokarski, Walter; Predel, Hans-Georg; Dordel, Sigrid.

in: International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, Jahrgang 28, Nr. 1, 01.01.2004, S. 22-26.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Bibtex

@article{67ff841b3fd84d8fb033aff2f746887f,
title = "Correlation between BMI, leisure habits and motor abilities in childhood (CHILT-project)",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing with its negative medical and psychosocial consequences. This paper examines the association between body mass index (BMI), motor abilities and leisure habits of 668 children within the CHILT (Children's Health InterventionaL Trial) project.METHOD: A total of 668 children (51.0{\%} boys; 49.0{\%} girls) and their parents were questioned on sport and leisure behaviour of the children. The anthropometric data were measured. Motor abilities were determined by a body gross motor development test for children (K{\"o}perkoordinationstest f{\"u}r Kinder; KTK) and a 6-min run.RESULTS: The children were 6.70 +/- 0.42 y old, 122.72 +/- 5.36 cm tall and weighed 24.47 +/- 4.59 kg, the average BMI was 16.17 +/- 2.27 kg/m2. KTK showed an average motor quotient (MQ) of 93.49 +/- 15.01, the 6-min run an average of 835.24 +/- 110.87 m. Both tests were inversely correlated with BMI (KTK and BMI r=-0.164 (P<0.001); 6-min run and BMI r=-0.201 (P<0.001)); the group of overweight/obese children showed poorer results than the normal/underweight ones, even after adjustment for gender and age (in each case P<0.001). Children with the greatest extent of exercise achieve the highest MQ (P=0.035).SUMMARY: Overweight/obesity is associated with a poorer body gross motor development and endurance performance. On the other hand, an active lifestyle is positively correlated with a better gross motor development in first-grade children. Therefore, to prevent the negative consequences of physical inactivity and overweight/obesity early intervention to support exercise and movement is recommended.",
keywords = "Analysis of Variance, Body Mass Index, Child, Exercise, Female, Humans, Leisure Activities, Male, Motor Activity, Motor Skills, Obesity, Psychomotor Disorders",
author = "Christine Graf and Benjamin Koch and E Kretschmann-Kandel and Gisa Falkowski and H Christ and S Coburger and W Lehmacher and Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens and P Platen and Walter Tokarski and Hans-Georg Predel and Sigrid Dordel",
year = "2004",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/sj.ijo.0802428",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "22--26",
journal = "International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlation between BMI, leisure habits and motor abilities in childhood (CHILT-project)

AU - Graf, Christine

AU - Koch, Benjamin

AU - Kretschmann-Kandel, E

AU - Falkowski, Gisa

AU - Christ, H

AU - Coburger, S

AU - Lehmacher, W

AU - Bjarnason-Wehrens, Birna

AU - Platen, P

AU - Tokarski, Walter

AU - Predel, Hans-Georg

AU - Dordel, Sigrid

PY - 2004/1/1

Y1 - 2004/1/1

N2 - INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing with its negative medical and psychosocial consequences. This paper examines the association between body mass index (BMI), motor abilities and leisure habits of 668 children within the CHILT (Children's Health InterventionaL Trial) project.METHOD: A total of 668 children (51.0% boys; 49.0% girls) and their parents were questioned on sport and leisure behaviour of the children. The anthropometric data were measured. Motor abilities were determined by a body gross motor development test for children (Köperkoordinationstest für Kinder; KTK) and a 6-min run.RESULTS: The children were 6.70 +/- 0.42 y old, 122.72 +/- 5.36 cm tall and weighed 24.47 +/- 4.59 kg, the average BMI was 16.17 +/- 2.27 kg/m2. KTK showed an average motor quotient (MQ) of 93.49 +/- 15.01, the 6-min run an average of 835.24 +/- 110.87 m. Both tests were inversely correlated with BMI (KTK and BMI r=-0.164 (P<0.001); 6-min run and BMI r=-0.201 (P<0.001)); the group of overweight/obese children showed poorer results than the normal/underweight ones, even after adjustment for gender and age (in each case P<0.001). Children with the greatest extent of exercise achieve the highest MQ (P=0.035).SUMMARY: Overweight/obesity is associated with a poorer body gross motor development and endurance performance. On the other hand, an active lifestyle is positively correlated with a better gross motor development in first-grade children. Therefore, to prevent the negative consequences of physical inactivity and overweight/obesity early intervention to support exercise and movement is recommended.

AB - INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing with its negative medical and psychosocial consequences. This paper examines the association between body mass index (BMI), motor abilities and leisure habits of 668 children within the CHILT (Children's Health InterventionaL Trial) project.METHOD: A total of 668 children (51.0% boys; 49.0% girls) and their parents were questioned on sport and leisure behaviour of the children. The anthropometric data were measured. Motor abilities were determined by a body gross motor development test for children (Köperkoordinationstest für Kinder; KTK) and a 6-min run.RESULTS: The children were 6.70 +/- 0.42 y old, 122.72 +/- 5.36 cm tall and weighed 24.47 +/- 4.59 kg, the average BMI was 16.17 +/- 2.27 kg/m2. KTK showed an average motor quotient (MQ) of 93.49 +/- 15.01, the 6-min run an average of 835.24 +/- 110.87 m. Both tests were inversely correlated with BMI (KTK and BMI r=-0.164 (P<0.001); 6-min run and BMI r=-0.201 (P<0.001)); the group of overweight/obese children showed poorer results than the normal/underweight ones, even after adjustment for gender and age (in each case P<0.001). Children with the greatest extent of exercise achieve the highest MQ (P=0.035).SUMMARY: Overweight/obesity is associated with a poorer body gross motor development and endurance performance. On the other hand, an active lifestyle is positively correlated with a better gross motor development in first-grade children. Therefore, to prevent the negative consequences of physical inactivity and overweight/obesity early intervention to support exercise and movement is recommended.

KW - Analysis of Variance

KW - Body Mass Index

KW - Child

KW - Exercise

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Leisure Activities

KW - Male

KW - Motor Activity

KW - Motor Skills

KW - Obesity

KW - Psychomotor Disorders

U2 - 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802428

DO - 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802428

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 28

SP - 22

EP - 26

JO - International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

T2 - International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

JF - International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 154661