Die effektivität einer ambulanten kardiogischen Rehabilitation der Phase II. Modellprojekt der LVA-Rheinprovinz und der rheinschen Krankenhassen zur ambulanten/teilstationären kardiologischen Rehabilitation

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

AutorInnen

  • Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens
  • Lothar Benesch
  • Karl Otto Bischoff
  • Brigitte Buran-Kilian
  • Detlef Gysan
  • Ulrich Hollenstein
  • Wolfgang Mayer-Berger
  • Mike McCabe
  • Rolf Wilkniss
  • Gregor Sauer

Forschungseinrichtungen

Details

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In Germany, phase II cardiac rehabilitation has always been carried out on an inpatient basis. Meanwhile, the governmental health authorities are demanding more flexible solutions for cardiac rehabilitation. The objective of this study is to examine the effects of phase II cardiac rehabilitation performed on an outpatient basis (OCR) in a larger patient cohort. These are the first results of patients before and directly after the OCR performed at six different rehabilitation centers.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 479 men and 74 women, 56.1 +/- 11.5 years. Cardiovascular indications for the OCR were myocardial infarction in 219 cases, coronary artery disease (CAD) in 92, in 84 cases with invasive procedures, coronary artery bypass graft in 185, cardiac valve surgery in 26, and other cardiac diseases in 29. 70% of the patients were worker, 25% without professional training. Staying with the family (42%) and aversion to stationary programs (61%)were the main reasons for the choice of OCR. Without OCR,27.4% would have refused any rehabilitation program.

RESULTS: Maximal physical performance increased from 97.8 + - 31.4 to 120.4 +/- 37.3 W (p < 0.001). LDL cholesterol was reduced from 145.9 +/- 42.7 to 117.5 +/- 34.7 mg% (p < 0.001), triglycerides from 203.3 +/- 136.0 to 161.9 +/- 91.6 mg% (p < ).010), HDL cholesterol increased from 39.8 + 11.2 to 41.0 +/- 11.3 mg% (p = 0.003). The use of lipid-lowering therapy in CAD patients increased from 63.1% to 80.7%. A reduction in body mass index from 27.1 +/- 3.6 to 26.9 +/- 3.5 kg/m2 (p = 0.010) was demonstrated. The number of active smokers decreased from 53.8% to 25.6%.

CONCLUSION: The results obtained are interesting with respect to the patients' social status. With 70% general laborers, our cohort is in contrast to previously published OCR data. On the whole, these results demonstrate that rehabilitative measures can also be implemented on an outpatient basis, without a decrease in the quality of treatment. This also applies to patients who represent lower socioeconomic levels. The results should motivate to work harder and more sufficiently on the development of more flexible cardiac rehabilitation programs.

Titel in ÜbersetzungEffects of a phase II cardiac rehabilitation program performed on an outpatient basis
OriginalspracheDeutsch
ZeitschriftHerz
Jahrgang28
Heft5
Seiten (von - bis)404-12
Seitenumfang9
ISSN0340-9937
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 08.2003

ID: 3030606

DOI

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