Difference in racket head trajectory and muscle activity between the standard volley and the drop volley in tennis

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

AutorInnen

  • Ryosuke Furuya
  • Hikaru Yokohama
  • Milos Dimic
  • Toshimasa Yanai
  • Tobias Vogt
  • Kazuyuki Kanosue

Forschungseinrichtungen

Details

Among tennis coaches and players, the standard volley and drop volley are considered basically similar, but muscles need to be relaxed (deactivation) just at the moment of impact when hitting the drop volley. However, this is not evidence-based. The aim of this study was to clarify racket head trajectory and muscle activity during the drop volley and to compare them with those of the standard volley. We hypothesized that 1) the racket head would move less forward for the drop volley than for the standard volley and 2) the wrist and elbow muscles be relaxed for the drop volley at the time of ball impact. Eleven male college students with sufficient tennis experience volunteered to participate in this study. Wireless EMG sensors recorded activation of the four arm muscles. Each subject performed the standard volley or the drop volley with both a forehand and a backhand from a position near the net. Four high speed video cameras (300 Hz) were set up on the court to measure ball speed and racket head trajectory. Returned ball speed of the drop volley was significantly lower than that of the standard volley (p < 0.05). The racket head moved less forward than in the standard volley, supporting the first hypothesis. Muscle activity of the drop volley, just before and after ball impact for both the forehand and backhand, was lower than that of the standard volley. However, the activity was in the form of a gradual increase as impact time approached, rather than a sudden deactivation (relaxation), which did not support the second hypothesis. For the drop volley, lower muscle activity in the forearm enabled a softer grip and thus allowed a “flip” movement of the racket to diminish the speed of the returned ball.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummere0257295
ZeitschriftPloS one
Jahrgang16
Heft9
Seiten (von - bis)1-15
Seitenumfang15
ISSN1932-6203
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 14.09.2021

ID: 6174154

DOI

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