Early functional outcome of two different orthotic concepts in ankle sprains: a randomized controlled trial

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INTRODUCTION: Purpose of the study was the evaluation of the early functional outcome of patients with an acute ankle sprain treated either with a semirigid, variable, phase-adapted modular ankle orthosis or an invariable orthotic reference device.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-seven patients with acute ankle sprain grade II or more were included. In addition, 77 healthy controls as a reference were investigated. The injured subjects were treated with one of the two devices by random for 6 weeks. Ankle scores (FAOS, AOFAS) were taken at baseline after injury, 1 and 3 months after injury. Functional performance tests (balance platform, zig zag run, shuttle run, vertical drop jump) were performed at 1 and 3 months after injury.

RESULTS: No significant score differences could be found between the two intervention groups except for achieving a preinjury activity level after 3 months only in the modular orthosis group. Postural functional performances (balance test) also showed no significant differences whereas the results of the agility tests revealed small but significant better results in the modular orthosis group in comparison to the invariable orthosis group. Cohen's effect sizes were high.

CONCLUSION: Differences between the two intervention groups were marginal and very small but significant and-regarding Cohen´s effect sizes-effective. Especially relating to functional performance, this might be a careful indication that a more effective strategy for promoting a protected, rapid recovery to physical activity after ankle sprains might be achieved by applying a phase-adapted ankle orthosis. Especially in athletic patients, phase-adapted orthosis should be further investigated and considered to ensure fully protected ligament healing as well as to regain early functional recovery.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftArchives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery
Jahrgang135
Heft7
Seiten (von - bis)993-1001
Seitenumfang9
ISSN0936-8051
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 13.05.2015

ID: 748992

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