Exercise after Heart Transplantation: Typical Alterations, Diagnostics and Interventions

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Exercise after Heart Transplantation : Typical Alterations, Diagnostics and Interventions. / Schmidt, Thomas; Bjarnason-Wehrens, Birna; Predel, Hans-Georg; Reiss, Nils.

in: International journal of sports medicine, Jahrgang 42, Nr. 2, 20.07.2020, S. 103-111.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftÜbersichtsarbeitenForschung

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@article{a4f5fa423e634811ae0af1a75fbdc81f,
title = "Exercise after Heart Transplantation: Typical Alterations, Diagnostics and Interventions",
abstract = "For the treatment of terminal heart failure, heart transplantation is considered to be the gold standard, leading to significantly improved quality of life and long-time survival. For heart transplant recipients, the development and maintenance of good functional performance and adequate exercise capacity is crucial for renewed participation and integration in self-determined live. In this respect, typical transplant-related alterations must be noted that play a significant role, leading to restrictions both centrally and peripherally. Before patients begin intensive and structured exercise training, a comprehensive diagnosis of their exercise capacity should take place in order to stratify the risks involved and to plan the training units accordingly. Particularly endurance sports and resistance exercises are recommended to counter the effects of the underlying disease and the immunosuppressive medication. The performance level achieved can vary considerably depending on their individual condition, from gentle activity through a non-competitive-level to intensive competitive sports. This paper includes an overview of the current literature on heart transplant recipients, their specific characteristics, as well as typical cardiovascular and musculoskeletal alterations. It also discusses suitable tools for measuring exercise capacity, recommendations for exercise training, required precautions and the performance level usually achieved.",
keywords = "Exercise Therapy/methods, Heart Failure/therapy, Heart Transplantation, Humans",
author = "Thomas Schmidt and Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens and Hans-Georg Predel and Nils Reiss",
note = "Thieme. All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1055/a-1194-4995",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "103--111",
journal = "International journal of sports medicine",
issn = "0172-4622",
publisher = "Georg Thieme Verlag",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exercise after Heart Transplantation

T2 - Typical Alterations, Diagnostics and Interventions

AU - Schmidt, Thomas

AU - Bjarnason-Wehrens, Birna

AU - Predel, Hans-Georg

AU - Reiss, Nils

N1 - Thieme. All rights reserved.

PY - 2020/7/20

Y1 - 2020/7/20

N2 - For the treatment of terminal heart failure, heart transplantation is considered to be the gold standard, leading to significantly improved quality of life and long-time survival. For heart transplant recipients, the development and maintenance of good functional performance and adequate exercise capacity is crucial for renewed participation and integration in self-determined live. In this respect, typical transplant-related alterations must be noted that play a significant role, leading to restrictions both centrally and peripherally. Before patients begin intensive and structured exercise training, a comprehensive diagnosis of their exercise capacity should take place in order to stratify the risks involved and to plan the training units accordingly. Particularly endurance sports and resistance exercises are recommended to counter the effects of the underlying disease and the immunosuppressive medication. The performance level achieved can vary considerably depending on their individual condition, from gentle activity through a non-competitive-level to intensive competitive sports. This paper includes an overview of the current literature on heart transplant recipients, their specific characteristics, as well as typical cardiovascular and musculoskeletal alterations. It also discusses suitable tools for measuring exercise capacity, recommendations for exercise training, required precautions and the performance level usually achieved.

AB - For the treatment of terminal heart failure, heart transplantation is considered to be the gold standard, leading to significantly improved quality of life and long-time survival. For heart transplant recipients, the development and maintenance of good functional performance and adequate exercise capacity is crucial for renewed participation and integration in self-determined live. In this respect, typical transplant-related alterations must be noted that play a significant role, leading to restrictions both centrally and peripherally. Before patients begin intensive and structured exercise training, a comprehensive diagnosis of their exercise capacity should take place in order to stratify the risks involved and to plan the training units accordingly. Particularly endurance sports and resistance exercises are recommended to counter the effects of the underlying disease and the immunosuppressive medication. The performance level achieved can vary considerably depending on their individual condition, from gentle activity through a non-competitive-level to intensive competitive sports. This paper includes an overview of the current literature on heart transplant recipients, their specific characteristics, as well as typical cardiovascular and musculoskeletal alterations. It also discusses suitable tools for measuring exercise capacity, recommendations for exercise training, required precautions and the performance level usually achieved.

KW - Exercise Therapy/methods

KW - Heart Failure/therapy

KW - Heart Transplantation

KW - Humans

U2 - 10.1055/a-1194-4995

DO - 10.1055/a-1194-4995

M3 - Scientific review articles

C2 - 32688413

VL - 42

SP - 103

EP - 111

JO - International journal of sports medicine

JF - International journal of sports medicine

SN - 0172-4622

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 6042287