Extreme judgments depend on the expectation of following judgments : a calibration analysis

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Extreme judgments depend on the expectation of following judgments : a calibration analysis. / Fasold, Frowin; Memmert, Daniel; Unkelbach, Christian.

in: Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Jahrgang 13, 2012, S. 197-200.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschung

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@article{5710b7d080be47c6903bd84c11b66b13,
title = "Extreme judgments depend on the expectation of following judgments : a calibration analysis",
abstract = "Objectives: Judges avoid extreme judgments in the beginning of evaluation sequences. The calibration hypothesis attributes this bias to judges{\textquoteright} need to preserve their judgmental degrees of freedom. It follows that the expectation of a sequence leads to avoiding extreme judgments in the beginning. Thus, judges may make extreme judgments if they expect only one performance but should avoid extreme judgments if they expect a sequence. Design: A between-group design was used. Method: One experimental group (n = 21) expected to judge only one gymnastics performance whereas the other group (n = 20) expected to judge a sequence of performances. Both groups then judged only one identical performance. Results: Groups differed significantly in the frequency of extreme judgments. Participants expecting one performance used extreme judgment categories more often; participants expecting a series avoided extreme judgments. Conclusion: The results support calibration processes in sequential judgments. The specification of the underlying process will allow testing possible interventions to avoid serial position biases in serial evaluations in the future. Highlights: We assume that judges calibrate their judgment scale when starting a judgment series. Extreme ratings are avoided in the first judgments. We examine the effect of expecting a series of judgments on the first judgment. Judges expecting a series of judgments avoid extreme ratings. Judges expecting one judgment use extreme ratings for the same stimuli more often. Verf.-Referat",
keywords = "Beurteilung, Beurteilungsmethode, Bewertungsmethode, Gymnastik, Kampfrichter, Leistungsbeurteilung, Turnen, Turn{\"u}bung, Untersuchung, empirische, Untersuchung, vergleichende, Wertung",
author = "Frowin Fasold and Daniel Memmert and Christian Unkelbach",
note = "New York (NY)",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.11.004",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "197--200",
journal = "Psychology of Sport and Exercise",
issn = "1469-0292",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Extreme judgments depend on the expectation of following judgments : a calibration analysis

AU - Fasold, Frowin

AU - Memmert, Daniel

AU - Unkelbach, Christian

N1 - New York (NY)

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Objectives: Judges avoid extreme judgments in the beginning of evaluation sequences. The calibration hypothesis attributes this bias to judges’ need to preserve their judgmental degrees of freedom. It follows that the expectation of a sequence leads to avoiding extreme judgments in the beginning. Thus, judges may make extreme judgments if they expect only one performance but should avoid extreme judgments if they expect a sequence. Design: A between-group design was used. Method: One experimental group (n = 21) expected to judge only one gymnastics performance whereas the other group (n = 20) expected to judge a sequence of performances. Both groups then judged only one identical performance. Results: Groups differed significantly in the frequency of extreme judgments. Participants expecting one performance used extreme judgment categories more often; participants expecting a series avoided extreme judgments. Conclusion: The results support calibration processes in sequential judgments. The specification of the underlying process will allow testing possible interventions to avoid serial position biases in serial evaluations in the future. Highlights: We assume that judges calibrate their judgment scale when starting a judgment series. Extreme ratings are avoided in the first judgments. We examine the effect of expecting a series of judgments on the first judgment. Judges expecting a series of judgments avoid extreme ratings. Judges expecting one judgment use extreme ratings for the same stimuli more often. Verf.-Referat

AB - Objectives: Judges avoid extreme judgments in the beginning of evaluation sequences. The calibration hypothesis attributes this bias to judges’ need to preserve their judgmental degrees of freedom. It follows that the expectation of a sequence leads to avoiding extreme judgments in the beginning. Thus, judges may make extreme judgments if they expect only one performance but should avoid extreme judgments if they expect a sequence. Design: A between-group design was used. Method: One experimental group (n = 21) expected to judge only one gymnastics performance whereas the other group (n = 20) expected to judge a sequence of performances. Both groups then judged only one identical performance. Results: Groups differed significantly in the frequency of extreme judgments. Participants expecting one performance used extreme judgment categories more often; participants expecting a series avoided extreme judgments. Conclusion: The results support calibration processes in sequential judgments. The specification of the underlying process will allow testing possible interventions to avoid serial position biases in serial evaluations in the future. Highlights: We assume that judges calibrate their judgment scale when starting a judgment series. Extreme ratings are avoided in the first judgments. We examine the effect of expecting a series of judgments on the first judgment. Judges expecting a series of judgments avoid extreme ratings. Judges expecting one judgment use extreme ratings for the same stimuli more often. Verf.-Referat

KW - Beurteilung

KW - Beurteilungsmethode

KW - Bewertungsmethode

KW - Gymnastik

KW - Kampfrichter

KW - Leistungsbeurteilung

KW - Turnen

KW - Turnübung

KW - Untersuchung, empirische

KW - Untersuchung, vergleichende

KW - Wertung

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.11.004

DO - 10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.11.004

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 13

SP - 197

EP - 200

JO - Psychology of Sport and Exercise

JF - Psychology of Sport and Exercise

SN - 1469-0292

ER -

ID: 149541