Groin Injuries in Soccer: Investigating the Effect of Age on Adductor Muscle Forces

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Groin Injuries in Soccer : Investigating the Effect of Age on Adductor Muscle Forces. / Dupré, Thomas; Lysdal, Filip Gertz; Funken, Johannes; Kristian R.L., Mortensen; Müller, Ralf; Mayer, Jan; Krahl, Hartmut; Potthast, Wolfgang.

in: Medicine and science in sports and exercise, Jahrgang 52, Nr. 6, 01.06.2020, S. 1330-1337.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

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@article{625dcb6b64c04f32bffb6d2b18b31d18,
title = "Groin Injuries in Soccer: Investigating the Effect of Age on Adductor Muscle Forces",
abstract = "PURPOSE: The sudden rise in the injury incidence during adolescence is also evident in soccer-related injuries to the groin. Submaximal passing applies high stress on the adductor muscles and pubic symphysis and is therefore likely to be connected to the occurrence of groin injuries. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to compare hip joint kinematics and adductor muscle forces of different adolescent age groups during submaximal soccer passing. METHODS: Sixty participants, in four groups, younger than 12, 15, 16. and 23 yr (U12, U15, U16, U23), were analyzed. A Footbonaut, equipped with a 3D motion capture system consisting of 16 cameras, was used to capture kinematic data of short passes. Inverse dynamic analysis was performed to calculate muscle forces of 10 passes of each subject. RESULTS: The U15 group showed reduced angular velocities. A rise in hip adductor muscle forces was evident from the youngest group up to the oldest groups. The largest increase (49%) was found between U12 and U15. Lower-limb mass was identified as the best predictor for the increasing adductor force. CONCLUSIONS: The reduced angular velocities of the U15 and the increase in muscle forces between all age groups were attributed to the increasing segment masses and length. This increases the moments of inertia of the leg segments thereby demanding higher forces to accelerate the segments. Most likely, the stress put upon the adductors apophyses increases during adolescence, as tendons are known to adapt slower than muscles, increasing the risk for overuse injuries. Coaches could use lower-limb mass as an indicator for fast increases in the force demand to identify players who would benefit from a reduced training volume.",
keywords = "SPORTS (MESH), BIOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA (MESH), SPRAINS AND STRAINS (MESH), GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT (MESH), WOUNDS AND INJURIES (MESH), FOOTBALL",
author = "Thomas Dupr{\'e} and Lysdal, {Filip Gertz} and Johannes Funken and {Kristian R.L.}, Mortensen and Ralf M{\"u}ller and Jan Mayer and Hartmut Krahl and Wolfgang Potthast",
year = "2020",
month = jun,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1249/MSS.0000000000002243",
language = "English",
volume = "52",
pages = "1330--1337",
journal = "Medicine and science in sports and exercise",
issn = "0195-9131",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Groin Injuries in Soccer

T2 - Investigating the Effect of Age on Adductor Muscle Forces

AU - Dupré, Thomas

AU - Lysdal, Filip Gertz

AU - Funken, Johannes

AU - Kristian R.L., Mortensen

AU - Müller, Ralf

AU - Mayer, Jan

AU - Krahl, Hartmut

AU - Potthast, Wolfgang

PY - 2020/6/1

Y1 - 2020/6/1

N2 - PURPOSE: The sudden rise in the injury incidence during adolescence is also evident in soccer-related injuries to the groin. Submaximal passing applies high stress on the adductor muscles and pubic symphysis and is therefore likely to be connected to the occurrence of groin injuries. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to compare hip joint kinematics and adductor muscle forces of different adolescent age groups during submaximal soccer passing. METHODS: Sixty participants, in four groups, younger than 12, 15, 16. and 23 yr (U12, U15, U16, U23), were analyzed. A Footbonaut, equipped with a 3D motion capture system consisting of 16 cameras, was used to capture kinematic data of short passes. Inverse dynamic analysis was performed to calculate muscle forces of 10 passes of each subject. RESULTS: The U15 group showed reduced angular velocities. A rise in hip adductor muscle forces was evident from the youngest group up to the oldest groups. The largest increase (49%) was found between U12 and U15. Lower-limb mass was identified as the best predictor for the increasing adductor force. CONCLUSIONS: The reduced angular velocities of the U15 and the increase in muscle forces between all age groups were attributed to the increasing segment masses and length. This increases the moments of inertia of the leg segments thereby demanding higher forces to accelerate the segments. Most likely, the stress put upon the adductors apophyses increases during adolescence, as tendons are known to adapt slower than muscles, increasing the risk for overuse injuries. Coaches could use lower-limb mass as an indicator for fast increases in the force demand to identify players who would benefit from a reduced training volume.

AB - PURPOSE: The sudden rise in the injury incidence during adolescence is also evident in soccer-related injuries to the groin. Submaximal passing applies high stress on the adductor muscles and pubic symphysis and is therefore likely to be connected to the occurrence of groin injuries. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to compare hip joint kinematics and adductor muscle forces of different adolescent age groups during submaximal soccer passing. METHODS: Sixty participants, in four groups, younger than 12, 15, 16. and 23 yr (U12, U15, U16, U23), were analyzed. A Footbonaut, equipped with a 3D motion capture system consisting of 16 cameras, was used to capture kinematic data of short passes. Inverse dynamic analysis was performed to calculate muscle forces of 10 passes of each subject. RESULTS: The U15 group showed reduced angular velocities. A rise in hip adductor muscle forces was evident from the youngest group up to the oldest groups. The largest increase (49%) was found between U12 and U15. Lower-limb mass was identified as the best predictor for the increasing adductor force. CONCLUSIONS: The reduced angular velocities of the U15 and the increase in muscle forces between all age groups were attributed to the increasing segment masses and length. This increases the moments of inertia of the leg segments thereby demanding higher forces to accelerate the segments. Most likely, the stress put upon the adductors apophyses increases during adolescence, as tendons are known to adapt slower than muscles, increasing the risk for overuse injuries. Coaches could use lower-limb mass as an indicator for fast increases in the force demand to identify players who would benefit from a reduced training volume.

KW - SPORTS (MESH)

KW - BIOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA (MESH)

KW - SPRAINS AND STRAINS (MESH)

KW - GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT (MESH)

KW - WOUNDS AND INJURIES (MESH)

KW - FOOTBALL

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/7c93e483-e4fb-36ad-8b84-85df25c7c395/

U2 - 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002243

DO - 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002243

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 52

SP - 1330

EP - 1337

JO - Medicine and science in sports and exercise

JF - Medicine and science in sports and exercise

SN - 0195-9131

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 5083940