Guessing right: Preconscious processing in inattentional blindness

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschung

Standard

Guessing right : Preconscious processing in inattentional blindness. / Kreitz, Carina; Pugnaghi, Giulia; Memmert, Daniel.

in: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Jahrgang 73, Nr. 7, 19.03.2020, S. 1055-1065.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschung

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Bibtex

@article{56738566da8748c5ad61af8f47864b67,
title = "Guessing right: Preconscious processing in inattentional blindness",
abstract = "Much research has been conducted on the determinants of inattentional blindness—the failure to miss an unexpected but salient stimulus in plain view. Far less research has been concerned with the fate of those objects that go unnoticed in such a setting. The available evidence suggests that objects that are not consciously noticed due to inattentional blindness are still processed to a certain degree. The present study substantiated and generalised this limited evidence by reanalysing 16 datasets in regard to participants{\textquoteright} guessing accuracy in multiple-choice questions concerning the unexpected object: Participants who did not notice the critical object showed guessing accuracy that lay significantly above chance. Thus, stimuli that are not consciously noticed (i.e., cannot be reported) can nevertheless exert an influence on seemingly random choices. Modality of the primary task as well as performance in the primary task and in a divided-attention trial were evaluated as potential moderators. Methodological limitations such as the design and implementation of the multiple-choice questions and the generalisability of our findings are discussed, and promises of the present approach for future studies are presented.",
author = "Carina Kreitz and Giulia Pugnaghi and Daniel Memmert",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
day = "19",
language = "English",
volume = "73",
pages = "1055--1065",
journal = "Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology",
issn = "1747-0226",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Guessing right

T2 - Preconscious processing in inattentional blindness

AU - Kreitz, Carina

AU - Pugnaghi, Giulia

AU - Memmert, Daniel

PY - 2020/3/19

Y1 - 2020/3/19

N2 - Much research has been conducted on the determinants of inattentional blindness—the failure to miss an unexpected but salient stimulus in plain view. Far less research has been concerned with the fate of those objects that go unnoticed in such a setting. The available evidence suggests that objects that are not consciously noticed due to inattentional blindness are still processed to a certain degree. The present study substantiated and generalised this limited evidence by reanalysing 16 datasets in regard to participants’ guessing accuracy in multiple-choice questions concerning the unexpected object: Participants who did not notice the critical object showed guessing accuracy that lay significantly above chance. Thus, stimuli that are not consciously noticed (i.e., cannot be reported) can nevertheless exert an influence on seemingly random choices. Modality of the primary task as well as performance in the primary task and in a divided-attention trial were evaluated as potential moderators. Methodological limitations such as the design and implementation of the multiple-choice questions and the generalisability of our findings are discussed, and promises of the present approach for future studies are presented.

AB - Much research has been conducted on the determinants of inattentional blindness—the failure to miss an unexpected but salient stimulus in plain view. Far less research has been concerned with the fate of those objects that go unnoticed in such a setting. The available evidence suggests that objects that are not consciously noticed due to inattentional blindness are still processed to a certain degree. The present study substantiated and generalised this limited evidence by reanalysing 16 datasets in regard to participants’ guessing accuracy in multiple-choice questions concerning the unexpected object: Participants who did not notice the critical object showed guessing accuracy that lay significantly above chance. Thus, stimuli that are not consciously noticed (i.e., cannot be reported) can nevertheless exert an influence on seemingly random choices. Modality of the primary task as well as performance in the primary task and in a divided-attention trial were evaluated as potential moderators. Methodological limitations such as the design and implementation of the multiple-choice questions and the generalisability of our findings are discussed, and promises of the present approach for future studies are presented.

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 73

SP - 1055

EP - 1065

JO - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology

JF - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology

SN - 1747-0226

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 5195835