Intelligence as smart heuristics

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Humans and other animals differ in the amount of intelligence ascribed to them or that can be tested. Observed behavior reflects the underlying cognitive abilities of the individual that are either thought of as a general device system or a system of more or less independent parts. On this continuum, the view of intelligence as fast and frugal heuristics orientates toward a concept that models intelligence as parts (tools) of a larger system (adaptive toolbox). This view departs from the notion of intelligence as an assembly of "factors": either one (g), a few, or many. The idea that one could model the intelligence of a person by the values of one or several factors became prominent after the invention of factor analysis, a statistical tool, in the early twentieth century. A key problem with this tool-driven metaphor of intelligence is that it does not describe how cognition translates into behavior. In this chapter, we propose a radically different view of intelligence that links cognition with behavior in terms of heuristics. A heuristic is a mental device that can solve a class of problems in situations with limited knowledge and time. Unlike an IQ value or a set of values on several intelligence factors, models of heuristics describe mechanisms or processes with which people solve problems
TitelCognition and intelligence : Identifying the Mechanisms of the Mind
ErscheinungsortNew York
Herausgeber/inCambridge University Press
Seiten188 - 207
ISBN (Print)978-0-521-82744-7, 0-521-82744-2, 978-0-521-53479-6, 0-521-53479-8
ISBN (elektronisch)978-0-511-26187-9, 0-511-26187-X
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2005

ID: 1874772

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