Intranasal application of atrial natriuretic peptide and 1-deamino-d-arginine vasopressin in healthy volunteers. Hemodynamic, hormonal, and renal excretory effects

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In the present study we investigated the effects of an intranasal administration of 25 micrograms alpha-human atrial natriuretic peptide (alpha-hANP) dissolved in 0.2 mL 0.9% saline on renal excretory function, blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and also its interaction with the renal effects of 20 micrograms deamino-d-arginine vasopressin (d-DAVP) in 10 healthy volunteers. After two 30-min control periods plasma concentrations of ANP and cGMP rose significantly from 14.8 +/- 1.8 pmol/L and 5.9 +/- 0.3 pmol/mL to 23.3 +/- 2.3 pmol/L and 6.6 +/- 0.4 pmol/mL (P less than .05), respectively within 30 min after ANP administration. The levels returned to basal values after 60 min. Urinary cGMP excretion initially rose from 17.9 +/- 3.6 to 46.8 +/- 3.7 pmol/30 min and then returned to control values, whereas plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone concentration decreased significantly after 30 and 60 min (P less than .05). Systolic and diastolic BP declined slightly by 8% and 7%, respectively, while HR remained unaltered. Urine flow rate and sodium excretion increased by 321% and 190%, respectively (P less than .05). These changes were also significant when data were compared with a time-matched placebo study performed on the preceding day with intranasal administration of 0.2 mL 0.9% saline alone. After 48 h the protocol was repeated but 20 micrograms d-DAVP was administered intranasally 120 min before an intranasal application of 25 micrograms alpha-hANP. Within 120 min d-DAVP had reduced urine flow by approximately 50% (P less than .05), while sodium excretion remained unaltered.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

ZeitschriftAmerican journal of hypertension
Seiten (von - bis)657-660
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.09.1992

ID: 155031

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