Isoform expression of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release channel (ryanodine channel) in human myocardium

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The Ca2+ release channel of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is essential for the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores and is expressed widely in various excitable cells. It plays a key role particularly in excitation contraction coupling in myocytes in skeletal and cardiac muscle. Three isoforms of the SR Ca2+ release channel have been cloned. Recently coexpression of different isoforms was reported in different animal species and various tissues. In human cardiac tissue, however, isoform expression is not yet established. Therefore the aim of this study was to characterize isoform expression of the SR Ca2+ release channel in the human heart. We examined specific isoform expression of mRNA and proteins of the SR Ca2+ release channel in the four different chambers of the heart and the interventricular septum from explanted human hearts from nonfailing organ donors (n=8). Reverse transcriptase PCR from total cardiac RNA with isoform specific primers and western blots from myocardial homogenates with isoform specific antibodies were performed. Quantification of protein expression was achieved by densitometric scanning and computer analysis and is expressed as densitometric units per microgram of protein. A single band DNA signal was detected by reverse transcriptase PCR for the skeletal isoform 1 and the cardiac isoform 2 and isoform 3 in all regions of the human heart investigated. Specific protein expression was detected in all five myocardial regions of the human heart in western blots for the skeletal isoform I and cardiac isoform 2, and a weaker specific band was also detectable for isoform 3 of the SR Ca2+ release channel. Quantification of protein expression showed significant (P=0.008) lower expression of isoform 1 in the right ventricle (42+/-4 densitometric units/g tissue) and similar expression in all other regions (right atrium 58+/-3; septum 51+/-5, left atrium 54+/-5; left ventricle 51+/-6). Isoform 2 of the SR Ca2+ release channel was also significantly lower (P=0.001) in the right ventricle (33+/-4 densitometric/g tissue) and similar in the other heart chambers (right atrium 42+/-5: septum 41+/-3, left atrium 52+/-6, left ventricle 42+/-3). Differences in isoform 3 of the SR Ca2+ release channel for the various myocardial regions did not reach significant levels (right atrium 45+/-6, right ventricle 38+/-5, septum 49+/-8, left atrium 46+/-7, and in left ventricle 45+/-3 densitometric units/g tissue). In conclusion, all three isoforms of the SR Ca2+ release channel were determined in the human heart at both mRNA and protein levels with different quantitative expression in the different heart chambers. Coexpression of the three different isoforms with different functional properties might increase the complexity of regulation of excitation contraction coupling in the human heart in a chamber specific mode.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftJournal of molecular medicine (Berlin, Germany)
Jahrgang78
Heft6
Seiten (von - bis)352-60
Seitenumfang9
ISSN0946-2716
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.01.2000

ID: 262339

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