Low intensity rowing with blood flow restriction over 5 weeks increases V̇O2max in elite rowers: A randomized controlled trial

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Low intensity rowing with blood flow restriction over 5 weeks increases V̇O2max in elite rowers : A randomized controlled trial. / Held, Steffen; Behringer, Michael; Donath, Lars.

in: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Jahrgang 23, Nr. 3, 03.2020, S. 304-308.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

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@article{927fa3b847c04cd8a712f6827f6d6f48,
title = "Low intensity rowing with blood flow restriction over 5 weeks increases {\.V}O2max in elite rowers: A randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: The present randomized controlled intervention study examined the effects of practical blood flow restriction (pBFR) on maximal oxygen uptake ({\.V}O2max) during low intensity rowing.DESIGN: Thirty-one elite rowers were either assigned to the intervention (INT) or control (CON) group, using the minimization method (Strata: Gender, Age, Height, {\.V}O2max).METHOD: While INT (n=16; 4 female, 12 male, 21.9±3.2 years, 180.4±8.7cm, 73.6±10.9kg, {\.V}O2max: 63.0±7.9ml/min/kg) used pBFR during boat- and indoor-rowing training, CON (n=15, 4 female, 11 male, 21.7±3.7 years, 180.7±8.1cm, 72.5±12.1kg, {\.V}O2max: 63.2±8.5ml/min/kg) completed the identical training without pBFR. pBFR of the lower limb was applied via customized elastic wraps. Training took place three times a week over 5 weeks (accumulated net pBFR: 60min/week; occlusion per session: 2-times 10min/session) and was used exclusively at low intensities (<2mmol/L). A spiroergometric ramp test ({\.V}O2max; 30-40W/min increase) on rowing-ergometer and one-repetition maximum test of the squat exercise (SQ1RM) was employed to assess endurance and strength capacity.RESULTS: Significant group×time interactions (ηp²=0.26) in favor of INT were found for {\.V}O2max (+9.1±6.2%, Effect Size=1.3) compared to CON (+2.5±6.1%, ES=0.3). SQ1RM (ηp²=0.01) was not affected by the pBFR intervention.CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that 15 sessions of pBFR application with a cumulative total pBFR load of 5h over a 5 weeks macrocycle remarkably increased {\.V}O2max. Thus, pBFR might serve as a promising means to improve aerobic capacity in highly trained elite rowers.",
author = "Steffen Held and Michael Behringer and Lars Donath",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2019 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1016/j.jsams.2019.10.002",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "304--308",
journal = "Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport",
issn = "1440-2440",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Low intensity rowing with blood flow restriction over 5 weeks increases V̇O2max in elite rowers

T2 - A randomized controlled trial

AU - Held, Steffen

AU - Behringer, Michael

AU - Donath, Lars

N1 - Copyright © 2019 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2020/3

Y1 - 2020/3

N2 - OBJECTIVES: The present randomized controlled intervention study examined the effects of practical blood flow restriction (pBFR) on maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max) during low intensity rowing.DESIGN: Thirty-one elite rowers were either assigned to the intervention (INT) or control (CON) group, using the minimization method (Strata: Gender, Age, Height, V̇O2max).METHOD: While INT (n=16; 4 female, 12 male, 21.9±3.2 years, 180.4±8.7cm, 73.6±10.9kg, V̇O2max: 63.0±7.9ml/min/kg) used pBFR during boat- and indoor-rowing training, CON (n=15, 4 female, 11 male, 21.7±3.7 years, 180.7±8.1cm, 72.5±12.1kg, V̇O2max: 63.2±8.5ml/min/kg) completed the identical training without pBFR. pBFR of the lower limb was applied via customized elastic wraps. Training took place three times a week over 5 weeks (accumulated net pBFR: 60min/week; occlusion per session: 2-times 10min/session) and was used exclusively at low intensities (<2mmol/L). A spiroergometric ramp test (V̇O2max; 30-40W/min increase) on rowing-ergometer and one-repetition maximum test of the squat exercise (SQ1RM) was employed to assess endurance and strength capacity.RESULTS: Significant group×time interactions (ηp²=0.26) in favor of INT were found for V̇O2max (+9.1±6.2%, Effect Size=1.3) compared to CON (+2.5±6.1%, ES=0.3). SQ1RM (ηp²=0.01) was not affected by the pBFR intervention.CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that 15 sessions of pBFR application with a cumulative total pBFR load of 5h over a 5 weeks macrocycle remarkably increased V̇O2max. Thus, pBFR might serve as a promising means to improve aerobic capacity in highly trained elite rowers.

AB - OBJECTIVES: The present randomized controlled intervention study examined the effects of practical blood flow restriction (pBFR) on maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max) during low intensity rowing.DESIGN: Thirty-one elite rowers were either assigned to the intervention (INT) or control (CON) group, using the minimization method (Strata: Gender, Age, Height, V̇O2max).METHOD: While INT (n=16; 4 female, 12 male, 21.9±3.2 years, 180.4±8.7cm, 73.6±10.9kg, V̇O2max: 63.0±7.9ml/min/kg) used pBFR during boat- and indoor-rowing training, CON (n=15, 4 female, 11 male, 21.7±3.7 years, 180.7±8.1cm, 72.5±12.1kg, V̇O2max: 63.2±8.5ml/min/kg) completed the identical training without pBFR. pBFR of the lower limb was applied via customized elastic wraps. Training took place three times a week over 5 weeks (accumulated net pBFR: 60min/week; occlusion per session: 2-times 10min/session) and was used exclusively at low intensities (<2mmol/L). A spiroergometric ramp test (V̇O2max; 30-40W/min increase) on rowing-ergometer and one-repetition maximum test of the squat exercise (SQ1RM) was employed to assess endurance and strength capacity.RESULTS: Significant group×time interactions (ηp²=0.26) in favor of INT were found for V̇O2max (+9.1±6.2%, Effect Size=1.3) compared to CON (+2.5±6.1%, ES=0.3). SQ1RM (ηp²=0.01) was not affected by the pBFR intervention.CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that 15 sessions of pBFR application with a cumulative total pBFR load of 5h over a 5 weeks macrocycle remarkably increased V̇O2max. Thus, pBFR might serve as a promising means to improve aerobic capacity in highly trained elite rowers.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jsams.2019.10.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jsams.2019.10.002

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 31672481

VL - 23

SP - 304

EP - 308

JO - Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

JF - Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

SN - 1440-2440

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 5235506