Plasma concentrations of endothelin in patients with abnormal vascular reactivity. Effects of ergometric exercise and acute saline loading

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Plasma concentrations of endothelin in patients with abnormal vascular reactivity. Effects of ergometric exercise and acute saline loading. / Predel, Hans-Georg; Meyer-Lehnert, H; Bäcker, A; Stelkens, H; Kramer, H J.

in: Life sciences, Jahrgang 47, Nr. 20, 01.01.1990, S. 1837-1843.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschung

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@article{a658fb34bb154bf096544488b96c1772,
title = "Plasma concentrations of endothelin in patients with abnormal vascular reactivity. Effects of ergometric exercise and acute saline loading",
abstract = "We measured circulating concentrations of endothelin, a recently discovered vasoconstrictor peptide produced by vascular endothelial cells, in healthy subjects and in patients with abnormal vascular reactivity. Endothelin concentrations were determined by radio-immunoassay after extraction of plasma using Sep-Pak C-18 cartridges in healthy subjects (n = 20), in patients with diabetes mellitus type I (n = 10), in patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension (n = 12) and in non-dialyzed patients with stable chronic renal failure (n = 12). Plasma concentrations were similar in healthy controls, in diabetics and in hypertensive patients averaging 5.0 +/- 0.6 pg/ml, 4.7 +/- 0.2 pg/ml and 6.5 +/- 1.0 pg/ml, respectively. In contrast, plasma concentrations of endothelin were markedly elevated in patients with chronic renal failure averaging 16.6 +/- 2.9 pg/ml (p less than 0.005). No correlations were observed between serum creatinine concentrations ranging from 124 to 850 mumol/l or blood pressure and plasma concentrations of endothelin. Bicycle ergometric exercise in six healthy subjects and an acute modest i.v. saline load of 1,000 ml of 0.45% NaCl administered within 60 min in six patients with mild essential hypertension did not affect plasma concentrations of endothelin. Thus, it is unlikely that vascular synthesis of endothelin is related to acute physiological changes in systemic hemodynamics or to the circulatory and renal responses to acute extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) expansion. A potential role of endothelin, however, in the control of regional blood flow cannot be excluded. Elevated plasma concentrations of endothelin observed in patients with chronic renal failure require further investigations.",
keywords = "Adult, Aged, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Endothelins, Exercise, Exercise Test, Humans, Hypertension, Infusions, Intravenous, Kidney Failure, Chronic, Male, Middle Aged, Sodium Chloride",
author = "Hans-Georg Predel and H Meyer-Lehnert and A B{\"a}cker and H Stelkens and Kramer, {H J}",
year = "1990",
month = jan,
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "1837--1843",
journal = "Life sciences",
issn = "0024-3205",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "20",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Plasma concentrations of endothelin in patients with abnormal vascular reactivity. Effects of ergometric exercise and acute saline loading

AU - Predel, Hans-Georg

AU - Meyer-Lehnert, H

AU - Bäcker, A

AU - Stelkens, H

AU - Kramer, H J

PY - 1990/1/1

Y1 - 1990/1/1

N2 - We measured circulating concentrations of endothelin, a recently discovered vasoconstrictor peptide produced by vascular endothelial cells, in healthy subjects and in patients with abnormal vascular reactivity. Endothelin concentrations were determined by radio-immunoassay after extraction of plasma using Sep-Pak C-18 cartridges in healthy subjects (n = 20), in patients with diabetes mellitus type I (n = 10), in patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension (n = 12) and in non-dialyzed patients with stable chronic renal failure (n = 12). Plasma concentrations were similar in healthy controls, in diabetics and in hypertensive patients averaging 5.0 +/- 0.6 pg/ml, 4.7 +/- 0.2 pg/ml and 6.5 +/- 1.0 pg/ml, respectively. In contrast, plasma concentrations of endothelin were markedly elevated in patients with chronic renal failure averaging 16.6 +/- 2.9 pg/ml (p less than 0.005). No correlations were observed between serum creatinine concentrations ranging from 124 to 850 mumol/l or blood pressure and plasma concentrations of endothelin. Bicycle ergometric exercise in six healthy subjects and an acute modest i.v. saline load of 1,000 ml of 0.45% NaCl administered within 60 min in six patients with mild essential hypertension did not affect plasma concentrations of endothelin. Thus, it is unlikely that vascular synthesis of endothelin is related to acute physiological changes in systemic hemodynamics or to the circulatory and renal responses to acute extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) expansion. A potential role of endothelin, however, in the control of regional blood flow cannot be excluded. Elevated plasma concentrations of endothelin observed in patients with chronic renal failure require further investigations.

AB - We measured circulating concentrations of endothelin, a recently discovered vasoconstrictor peptide produced by vascular endothelial cells, in healthy subjects and in patients with abnormal vascular reactivity. Endothelin concentrations were determined by radio-immunoassay after extraction of plasma using Sep-Pak C-18 cartridges in healthy subjects (n = 20), in patients with diabetes mellitus type I (n = 10), in patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension (n = 12) and in non-dialyzed patients with stable chronic renal failure (n = 12). Plasma concentrations were similar in healthy controls, in diabetics and in hypertensive patients averaging 5.0 +/- 0.6 pg/ml, 4.7 +/- 0.2 pg/ml and 6.5 +/- 1.0 pg/ml, respectively. In contrast, plasma concentrations of endothelin were markedly elevated in patients with chronic renal failure averaging 16.6 +/- 2.9 pg/ml (p less than 0.005). No correlations were observed between serum creatinine concentrations ranging from 124 to 850 mumol/l or blood pressure and plasma concentrations of endothelin. Bicycle ergometric exercise in six healthy subjects and an acute modest i.v. saline load of 1,000 ml of 0.45% NaCl administered within 60 min in six patients with mild essential hypertension did not affect plasma concentrations of endothelin. Thus, it is unlikely that vascular synthesis of endothelin is related to acute physiological changes in systemic hemodynamics or to the circulatory and renal responses to acute extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) expansion. A potential role of endothelin, however, in the control of regional blood flow cannot be excluded. Elevated plasma concentrations of endothelin observed in patients with chronic renal failure require further investigations.

KW - Adult

KW - Aged

KW - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1

KW - Endothelins

KW - Exercise

KW - Exercise Test

KW - Humans

KW - Hypertension

KW - Infusions, Intravenous

KW - Kidney Failure, Chronic

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Sodium Chloride

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 2259271

VL - 47

SP - 1837

EP - 1843

JO - Life sciences

JF - Life sciences

SN - 0024-3205

IS - 20

ER -

ID: 155162