Public subsidies for sports clubs in Germany: Funding regulations vs. empirical evidence

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Public subsidies for sports clubs in Germany: Funding regulations vs. empirical evidence. / Feiler, Svenja; Wicker, Pamela; Breuer, Christoph.

in: European Sport Management Quarterly, Jahrgang 19, Nr. 5, 20.10.2019, S. 562 - 582.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

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@article{f17c5c71f3214846b690b1553bff61a5,
title = "Public subsidies for sports clubs in Germany: Funding regulations vs. empirical evidence",
abstract = "Research question: The purpose of this study is to examine if the funding principles set by sport policies at different governmental levels in Germany are associated with the actual receipt of subsidies by voluntary sports clubs. Put differently, this study analyses whether the engagement of sports clubs in different areas promoted by the government is financially rewarded. Research methods: This paper is based on a three-wave balanced panel dataset obtained from an online sports club survey in Germany (n = 1275). Three Heckman selection models were applied to identify if fulfilling different funding principles affected the receipt of subsidies from sports organisations, states, and communities. Results and Findings: The results show that the fulfilment of funding conditions is rewarded in different ways: while some policy regulations are reflected in the receipt of subsidies, others are not. Specifically, competitive sport and youth promotion activities, which are traditional focuses of clubs and public funding, are financially supported, while health sport, a newer funding area, is not, despite governmental policies proposing support for health-enhancing sport offers. Implications: This study adds to existing knowledge on financing voluntary sports clubs by empirically testing whether and to what extent funding conditions based on sport policies translate into clubs actually receiving subsidies. From a managerial perspective, developing programmes for youth seems promising since such programmes are financially supported at different governmental levels. Moreover, clubs should apply for subsidies to cover any costs related to core sport needs (equipment and travel) and for basic funds.",
keywords = "Financing sports clubs, non-profit sports organisations, public funding, sport policies",
author = "Svenja Feiler and Pamela Wicker and Christoph Breuer",
note = "Online: 14.11.2018",
year = "2019",
month = oct,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1080/16184742.2018.1541915",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "562 -- 582",
journal = "European Sport Management Quarterly",
issn = "1618-4742",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Public subsidies for sports clubs in Germany: Funding regulations vs. empirical evidence

AU - Feiler, Svenja

AU - Wicker, Pamela

AU - Breuer, Christoph

N1 - Online: 14.11.2018

PY - 2019/10/20

Y1 - 2019/10/20

N2 - Research question: The purpose of this study is to examine if the funding principles set by sport policies at different governmental levels in Germany are associated with the actual receipt of subsidies by voluntary sports clubs. Put differently, this study analyses whether the engagement of sports clubs in different areas promoted by the government is financially rewarded. Research methods: This paper is based on a three-wave balanced panel dataset obtained from an online sports club survey in Germany (n = 1275). Three Heckman selection models were applied to identify if fulfilling different funding principles affected the receipt of subsidies from sports organisations, states, and communities. Results and Findings: The results show that the fulfilment of funding conditions is rewarded in different ways: while some policy regulations are reflected in the receipt of subsidies, others are not. Specifically, competitive sport and youth promotion activities, which are traditional focuses of clubs and public funding, are financially supported, while health sport, a newer funding area, is not, despite governmental policies proposing support for health-enhancing sport offers. Implications: This study adds to existing knowledge on financing voluntary sports clubs by empirically testing whether and to what extent funding conditions based on sport policies translate into clubs actually receiving subsidies. From a managerial perspective, developing programmes for youth seems promising since such programmes are financially supported at different governmental levels. Moreover, clubs should apply for subsidies to cover any costs related to core sport needs (equipment and travel) and for basic funds.

AB - Research question: The purpose of this study is to examine if the funding principles set by sport policies at different governmental levels in Germany are associated with the actual receipt of subsidies by voluntary sports clubs. Put differently, this study analyses whether the engagement of sports clubs in different areas promoted by the government is financially rewarded. Research methods: This paper is based on a three-wave balanced panel dataset obtained from an online sports club survey in Germany (n = 1275). Three Heckman selection models were applied to identify if fulfilling different funding principles affected the receipt of subsidies from sports organisations, states, and communities. Results and Findings: The results show that the fulfilment of funding conditions is rewarded in different ways: while some policy regulations are reflected in the receipt of subsidies, others are not. Specifically, competitive sport and youth promotion activities, which are traditional focuses of clubs and public funding, are financially supported, while health sport, a newer funding area, is not, despite governmental policies proposing support for health-enhancing sport offers. Implications: This study adds to existing knowledge on financing voluntary sports clubs by empirically testing whether and to what extent funding conditions based on sport policies translate into clubs actually receiving subsidies. From a managerial perspective, developing programmes for youth seems promising since such programmes are financially supported at different governmental levels. Moreover, clubs should apply for subsidies to cover any costs related to core sport needs (equipment and travel) and for basic funds.

KW - Financing sports clubs

KW - non-profit sports organisations

KW - public funding

KW - sport policies

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/c9fbda06-b300-3a9d-ac43-b946e6955c5a/

U2 - 10.1080/16184742.2018.1541915

DO - 10.1080/16184742.2018.1541915

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 19

SP - 562

EP - 582

JO - European Sport Management Quarterly

JF - European Sport Management Quarterly

SN - 1618-4742

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 3524083