Sustained posterior contralateral activity indicates re-entrant target processing in visual change detection: an EEG study

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The present study investigated the neural mechanisms that contribute to the detection of visual feature changes between stimulus displays by means of event-related lateralizations of the electroencephalogram (EEG). Participants were instructed to respond to a luminance change in either of two lateralized stimuli that could randomly occur alone or together with an irrelevant orientation change of the same or contralateral stimulus. Task performance based on response times and accuracy was decreased compared to the remaining stimulus conditions when relevant and irrelevant feature changes were presented contralateral to each other (contralateral distractor condition). The sensory response to the feature changes was reflected in a posterior contralateral positivity at around 100 ms after change presentation and a posterior contralateral negativity in the N1 time window (N1pc). N2pc reflected a subsequent attentional bias in favor of the relevant luminance change. The continuation of the sustained posterior contralateral negativity (SPCN) following N2pc covaried with response times within feature change conditions and revealed a posterior topography comparable to the earlier components associated with sensory and attentional mechanisms. Therefore, this component might reflect the re-processing of information based on sustained short-term memory representations in the visual system until a stable target percept is created that can serve as the perceptual basis for response selection and the initiation of goal-directed behavior.

ZeitschriftFrontiers in human neuroscience
Seiten (von - bis)247
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.01.2014

ID: 224133


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