The Effects of Exercise on Brain Cortical Activity and Academic Achievement in School

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The Effects of Exercise on Brain Cortical Activity and Academic Achievement in School. / Wollseiffen, Petra; Schneider, Stefan.

in: Journal of the neurological sciences, Jahrgang 405, Nr. Supplement, 28.10.2019, S. 31.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftKonferenz-Abstract in FachzeitschriftForschungBegutachtung

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@article{d946cc92e34742c2b490cc7424403e40,
title = "The Effects of Exercise on Brain Cortical Activity and Academic Achievement in School",
abstract = "Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the influence of a class of aerobic exercise and an art class on brain cortical activity and possible effects on cognitive performance. Subject and Methods: Electroencephalography was used to record the electrocortical activity of 16 schoolchildren (8–10 years old) before and after an aerobic exercise class and an art class. Performance in a standardized test of educational attainment (VERA-3) was assessed following both classes. Results: A significant decrease in cortical activity was detected in all 4 lobes after exercise but not after art classes ( p < 0.05). No changes in cognitive performance were observed after exercise and art classes. Conclusion: Data presented here show a clear effect of exercise on brain cortical activity, similar to the theory of a transient hypofrontality that has been introduced by Arne Dietrich. Nevertheless, there is no direct effect on cognitive performance. Hence, the neurophysiological effect of exercise should be further evaluated regarding different kinds of cognitive performance: creativity, knowledge acquisition as well as the outlasting effects of exercise on academic achievement.",
author = "Petra Wollseiffen and Stefan Schneider",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1016/j.jns.2019.10.823",
language = "English",
volume = "405",
pages = "31",
journal = "Journal of the neurological sciences",
issn = "0022-510X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "Supplement",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Effects of Exercise on Brain Cortical Activity and Academic Achievement in School

AU - Wollseiffen, Petra

AU - Schneider, Stefan

PY - 2019/10/28

Y1 - 2019/10/28

N2 - Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the influence of a class of aerobic exercise and an art class on brain cortical activity and possible effects on cognitive performance. Subject and Methods: Electroencephalography was used to record the electrocortical activity of 16 schoolchildren (8–10 years old) before and after an aerobic exercise class and an art class. Performance in a standardized test of educational attainment (VERA-3) was assessed following both classes. Results: A significant decrease in cortical activity was detected in all 4 lobes after exercise but not after art classes ( p < 0.05). No changes in cognitive performance were observed after exercise and art classes. Conclusion: Data presented here show a clear effect of exercise on brain cortical activity, similar to the theory of a transient hypofrontality that has been introduced by Arne Dietrich. Nevertheless, there is no direct effect on cognitive performance. Hence, the neurophysiological effect of exercise should be further evaluated regarding different kinds of cognitive performance: creativity, knowledge acquisition as well as the outlasting effects of exercise on academic achievement.

AB - Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the influence of a class of aerobic exercise and an art class on brain cortical activity and possible effects on cognitive performance. Subject and Methods: Electroencephalography was used to record the electrocortical activity of 16 schoolchildren (8–10 years old) before and after an aerobic exercise class and an art class. Performance in a standardized test of educational attainment (VERA-3) was assessed following both classes. Results: A significant decrease in cortical activity was detected in all 4 lobes after exercise but not after art classes ( p < 0.05). No changes in cognitive performance were observed after exercise and art classes. Conclusion: Data presented here show a clear effect of exercise on brain cortical activity, similar to the theory of a transient hypofrontality that has been introduced by Arne Dietrich. Nevertheless, there is no direct effect on cognitive performance. Hence, the neurophysiological effect of exercise should be further evaluated regarding different kinds of cognitive performance: creativity, knowledge acquisition as well as the outlasting effects of exercise on academic achievement.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jns.2019.10.823

DO - 10.1016/j.jns.2019.10.823

M3 - Conference abstract in journal

VL - 405

SP - 31

JO - Journal of the neurological sciences

JF - Journal of the neurological sciences

SN - 0022-510X

IS - Supplement

ER -

ID: 5084236