The Influence of Attention Set, Working Memory Capacity, and Expectations on Inattentional Blindness

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The Influence of Attention Set, Working Memory Capacity, and Expectations on Inattentional Blindness. / Kreitz, Carina; Furley, Philip; Memmert, Daniel; Simons, Daniel J.

in: Perception, Jahrgang 45, Nr. 4, 03.11.2015, S. 386-399.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

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@article{11d95b29ca9a4726a3e0ab31269f19a6,
title = "The Influence of Attention Set, Working Memory Capacity, and Expectations on Inattentional Blindness",
abstract = "The probability of inattentional blindness, the failure to notice an unexpected object when attention is engaged on some primary task, is influenced by contextual factors like task demands, features of the unexpected object, and the observer's attention set. However, predicting who will notice an unexpected object and who will remain inattentionally blind has proven difficult, and the evidence that individual differences in cognition affect noticing remains ambiguous. We hypothesized that greater working memory capacity might modulate the effect of attention sets on noticing because working memory is associated with the ability to focus attention selectively. People with greater working memory capacity might be better able to attend selectively to target items, thereby increasing the chances of noticing unexpected objects that were similar to the attended items while decreasing the odds of noticing unexpected objects that differed from the attended items. Our study (N = 120 participants) replicated evidence that task-induced attention sets modulate noticing but found no link between noticing and working memory capacity. Our results are largely consistent with the idea that individual differences in working memory capacity do not predict noticing of unexpected objects in an inattentional blindness task.",
author = "Carina Kreitz and Philip Furley and Daniel Memmert and Simons, {Daniel J}",
note = "{\textcopyright} The Author(s) 2015.",
year = "2015",
month = nov,
day = "3",
doi = "10.1177/0301006615614465",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "386--399",
journal = "Perception",
issn = "0301-0066",
publisher = "Pion Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Influence of Attention Set, Working Memory Capacity, and Expectations on Inattentional Blindness

AU - Kreitz, Carina

AU - Furley, Philip

AU - Memmert, Daniel

AU - Simons, Daniel J

N1 - © The Author(s) 2015.

PY - 2015/11/3

Y1 - 2015/11/3

N2 - The probability of inattentional blindness, the failure to notice an unexpected object when attention is engaged on some primary task, is influenced by contextual factors like task demands, features of the unexpected object, and the observer's attention set. However, predicting who will notice an unexpected object and who will remain inattentionally blind has proven difficult, and the evidence that individual differences in cognition affect noticing remains ambiguous. We hypothesized that greater working memory capacity might modulate the effect of attention sets on noticing because working memory is associated with the ability to focus attention selectively. People with greater working memory capacity might be better able to attend selectively to target items, thereby increasing the chances of noticing unexpected objects that were similar to the attended items while decreasing the odds of noticing unexpected objects that differed from the attended items. Our study (N = 120 participants) replicated evidence that task-induced attention sets modulate noticing but found no link between noticing and working memory capacity. Our results are largely consistent with the idea that individual differences in working memory capacity do not predict noticing of unexpected objects in an inattentional blindness task.

AB - The probability of inattentional blindness, the failure to notice an unexpected object when attention is engaged on some primary task, is influenced by contextual factors like task demands, features of the unexpected object, and the observer's attention set. However, predicting who will notice an unexpected object and who will remain inattentionally blind has proven difficult, and the evidence that individual differences in cognition affect noticing remains ambiguous. We hypothesized that greater working memory capacity might modulate the effect of attention sets on noticing because working memory is associated with the ability to focus attention selectively. People with greater working memory capacity might be better able to attend selectively to target items, thereby increasing the chances of noticing unexpected objects that were similar to the attended items while decreasing the odds of noticing unexpected objects that differed from the attended items. Our study (N = 120 participants) replicated evidence that task-induced attention sets modulate noticing but found no link between noticing and working memory capacity. Our results are largely consistent with the idea that individual differences in working memory capacity do not predict noticing of unexpected objects in an inattentional blindness task.

U2 - 10.1177/0301006615614465

DO - 10.1177/0301006615614465

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 26562879

VL - 45

SP - 386

EP - 399

JO - Perception

JF - Perception

SN - 0301-0066

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 1327116