The potential of toe flexor muscles to enhance performance

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The potential of toe flexor muscles to enhance performance. / Goldmann, Jan-Peter; Sanno, Maximilian; Willwacher, Steffen et al.

in: Journal of Sports Sciences, Jahrgang 31, Nr. 4, 01.01.2013, S. 424-433.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungBegutachtung

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@article{02011d6d76d24572b4e86e4cea041528,
title = "The potential of toe flexor muscles to enhance performance",
abstract = "The metatarsal phalangeal joint (MPJ) and its crossing toe flexor muscles (TFM) represent the link between the large energy generating leg extensor muscles and the ground. The purpose of this study was to examine the functional adaptability of TFM to increased mechanical stimuli and the effects on walking, running and jumping performance. Fifteen men performed a heavy resistance TFM strength training with 90% of the maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) for 7 weeks (560 contractions) for the left and right foot. Maximal MPJ and ankle plantar flexion moments during MVICs were measured in dynamometers before and after the intervention. Motion analyses (inverse dynamics) were performed during barefoot walking, running, and vertical and horizontal jumping. Athletic performance was determined by measuring jump height and distance. Left (0.21 to 0.38 Nm · kg(-1); P < 0.001) and right (0.24 to 0.40 Nm · kg(-1); P < 0.001) MPJ plantar flexion moments in the dynamometer, external MPJ dorsiflexion moments (0.69 to 0.75 Nm · kg(-1); P = 0.012) and jump distance (2.25 to 2.31 m; P = 0.006) in horizontal jumping increased significantly. TFM responded highly to increased loading within a few weeks. The increased force potential made a contribution to an athlete's performance enhancement.",
keywords = "Adult, Athletic Performance, Foot, Humans, Isometric Contraction, Joints, Male, Movement, Muscle, Skeletal, Resistance Training, Running, Task Performance and Analysis, Toes, Walking, Young Adult",
author = "Jan-Peter Goldmann and Maximilian Sanno and Steffen Willwacher and Kai Heinrich and Gert-Peter Br{\"u}ggemann",
year = "2013",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/02640414.2012.736627",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "424--433",
journal = "Journal of Sports Sciences",
issn = "0264-0414",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The potential of toe flexor muscles to enhance performance

AU - Goldmann, Jan-Peter

AU - Sanno, Maximilian

AU - Willwacher, Steffen

AU - Heinrich, Kai

AU - Brüggemann, Gert-Peter

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - The metatarsal phalangeal joint (MPJ) and its crossing toe flexor muscles (TFM) represent the link between the large energy generating leg extensor muscles and the ground. The purpose of this study was to examine the functional adaptability of TFM to increased mechanical stimuli and the effects on walking, running and jumping performance. Fifteen men performed a heavy resistance TFM strength training with 90% of the maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) for 7 weeks (560 contractions) for the left and right foot. Maximal MPJ and ankle plantar flexion moments during MVICs were measured in dynamometers before and after the intervention. Motion analyses (inverse dynamics) were performed during barefoot walking, running, and vertical and horizontal jumping. Athletic performance was determined by measuring jump height and distance. Left (0.21 to 0.38 Nm · kg(-1); P < 0.001) and right (0.24 to 0.40 Nm · kg(-1); P < 0.001) MPJ plantar flexion moments in the dynamometer, external MPJ dorsiflexion moments (0.69 to 0.75 Nm · kg(-1); P = 0.012) and jump distance (2.25 to 2.31 m; P = 0.006) in horizontal jumping increased significantly. TFM responded highly to increased loading within a few weeks. The increased force potential made a contribution to an athlete's performance enhancement.

AB - The metatarsal phalangeal joint (MPJ) and its crossing toe flexor muscles (TFM) represent the link between the large energy generating leg extensor muscles and the ground. The purpose of this study was to examine the functional adaptability of TFM to increased mechanical stimuli and the effects on walking, running and jumping performance. Fifteen men performed a heavy resistance TFM strength training with 90% of the maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) for 7 weeks (560 contractions) for the left and right foot. Maximal MPJ and ankle plantar flexion moments during MVICs were measured in dynamometers before and after the intervention. Motion analyses (inverse dynamics) were performed during barefoot walking, running, and vertical and horizontal jumping. Athletic performance was determined by measuring jump height and distance. Left (0.21 to 0.38 Nm · kg(-1); P < 0.001) and right (0.24 to 0.40 Nm · kg(-1); P < 0.001) MPJ plantar flexion moments in the dynamometer, external MPJ dorsiflexion moments (0.69 to 0.75 Nm · kg(-1); P = 0.012) and jump distance (2.25 to 2.31 m; P = 0.006) in horizontal jumping increased significantly. TFM responded highly to increased loading within a few weeks. The increased force potential made a contribution to an athlete's performance enhancement.

KW - Adult

KW - Athletic Performance

KW - Foot

KW - Humans

KW - Isometric Contraction

KW - Joints

KW - Male

KW - Movement

KW - Muscle, Skeletal

KW - Resistance Training

KW - Running

KW - Task Performance and Analysis

KW - Toes

KW - Walking

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.1080/02640414.2012.736627

DO - 10.1080/02640414.2012.736627

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 23106289

VL - 31

SP - 424

EP - 433

JO - Journal of Sports Sciences

JF - Journal of Sports Sciences

SN - 0264-0414

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 18996