Unchanged sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase activity, reduced Ca2+ sensitivity, and negative force-frequency relationship in transgenic rats overexpressing the mouse renin gene

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Transgenic rats overexpressing the mouse Ren-2 gene [TG(mREN2)27 rats, TGR] were used to characterize alterations in force generation and relaxation following cardiac hypertrophy. Age-matched Sprague-Dawley rats were used as the control group. The beta-adrenoceptor dependent increase in force of contraction was reduced in the transgenic animals but not the Ca2+-dependent increase in force generation. Additionally, force of contraction decreased after increasing stimulation frequencies (up to 7 Hz), but the frequency-dependent decrease in force of contraction was significantly more pronounced in the transgenic group. The Ca2+ sensitivity in chemically skinned fiber preparations of TGR was reduced than that in Sprague-Dawley rats while maximum effectiveness was the same. Unexpectedly, the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase activity measured in crude membrane preparations from TGR did not differ from that in Sprague-Dawley rats; however, the activity of the Na+/K+-ATPase was less while the Na+/Ca2+-exchanger activity was significantly greater. In the same preparations the protein expression of SERCA2 was reduced in TGR while expression of phospholamban and calsequestrin remained the same. Thus in the model of cardiac hypertrophy harboring the mouse Ren-2 gene the hypothesized correlation between SERCA2 function and force-frequency relationship was not observed. Possible reasons for the more negative force-frequency relationship in TGR included changes at the level of the myofilaments and altered intracellular Na+ homeostasis which may result from the reciprocal changes in the Na+/K+-ATPase and the Na+/Ca2+-exchanger activity.

ZeitschriftJournal of molecular medicine (Berlin, Germany)
Seiten (von - bis)533-44
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 01.06.1998

ID: 262519

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