A body-fixed-sensor-based analysis of power during sit-to-stand movements

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This study presents an analysis of power exertion for lifting the body's centre of mass (CoM) during rising from a chair. Five healthy young (21-44 years) and 12 healthy older (70-79 years) subjects performed sit-to-stand (STS) movements while data were measured with force-plates underneath chair and feet and motion sensors attached to different locations on the upper and lower trunk. Force-plate-data were used to determine the timing of STS movements and the vertical power for lifting the CoM from a sitting to a standing position. Data of three-dimensional hybrid motion sensors, consisting of accelerometers, gyroscopes and earth-magnetic-field sensors, were used to determine vertical accelerations and power. The comparison of sensor-based estimations of peak power with peak power calculated from force-plate-data demonstrated fair to excellent linear relationships for all sensor locations on the trunk. The best approximation of peak power was obtained by a weighted combination of data measured at different trunk locations. Results of the older subjects were consistent with those of the young subjects performing slow, normal and fast STS movements. The presented approach is relevant for monitoring fall risk and assessment of mobility in older people. Similar approaches for assessing power may be developed for other mobility related activities, such as stair walking, or sports related activities such as jumping.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGait & posture
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)272-278
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2010

ID: 29914

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