Acute effects of lower and upper body‑resistance training on arterial stiffness, peripheral, and central blood pressure in young normotensive women

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Purpose The aim of the study was to investigate the acute effects of an upper body-resistance training (UBR) and lower bodyresistance
training (LBR) on arterial stiffness (AS) and peripheral and central blood pressure (BP) of young recreationally
active and normotensive women.
Methods 20 young women were separated into an UBR group (n = 10) and an LBR group (n = 10) performing four exercises
of three sets and 12 repetitions with 70% of the One-repetition maximum. At rest (pre), as well as 1 (post1′), 10 (post10′),
and 60 (post60′) min after the respective training, heart rate (HR), peripheral (pSysBP; pDiaBP), central blood pressure
(cSysBP; cDiaBP), and aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) were measured.
Results Resting values revealed no differences between the groups in any parameter. After the exercise HR increased in
both groups, pSysBP increased after LBR and cSysBP increased after UBR at timepoint post1′. PWV did not show any
significant differences between the groups and between any timepoints. pDiaBP and cDiaBP values were higher in the LBR
group compared to the UBR group at post1′. All values reached pre values at post60′ in both groups.
Conclusions The adaptation pattern of the measured PWV as a measure of AS and BP parameters in UBR compared to LBR
is similar, and all parameters regulate to their baseline values within 1 h. Therefore, no unfavorable acute effects of UBR or
LBR are observed and, hence, can be recommended for this study population.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSport Sciences for Health
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)357-363
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 13.03.2018

ID: 3290420

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